Methadone Clinics in Stockton

Name rehabsAddressPhone
5th Street Medical Clinic1839 South El Dorado Street Suite A Stockton, CA 95206(209) 463-0872
Aegis Medical Systems Inc8626 Lower Sacramento Road, Suite 41, Stockton, CA 95210(209) 478-2487
Healthy Connections Inc1947 North California Street, Suites B and C, Stockton, CA 95204(209) 463-0870
MedMark Treatment Centers Stockton1107-1111 North El Dorado Street, 33 East Magnolia Street Suites 3 and 5, Stockton, CA 95202(205) 938-0228

Rules and Regulations

Stockton, San Joaquin County, California, United States adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the California State Department of Health Care Services.

Certification Procedures

  • Clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the state health department
  • Staff must meet educational and training requirements
  • Regular facility inspections are conducted

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

  • Reduces opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Supports long-term recovery goals
  • Allows stabilization, employment, and improved health

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment to those with opioid use disorder. Patients visit daily to receive methadone doses under medical supervision. Counseling and other services support patients in achieving sobriety.

Insurance Coverage

  • Medicaid programs cover methadone treatment
  • Some private insurance plans also provide coverage
  • Grants assist uninsured patients in accessing treatment

Drug Use in Stockton

The opioid crisis has been declared a public health emergency in the United States. In San Joaquin County, prescription opioid overdose deaths quadrupled between 1999-2016. The county also had higher rates of opioid overdoses and synthetic opioid-related deaths than the state average in 2018.

  • In 2018, there were 142 opioid overdose deaths in San Joaquin County.
  • Methamphetamine and alcohol are the most widely used illicit drugs in the county.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment involves staying at a facility 24/7 for 1-3 months. It includes medical detox, counseling, group therapy, medication, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment provides services for 4-8 hours a day, 3-5 days a week while living at home. It involves counseling, therapy, medication management, and support groups.

Treatment Level Unreported

Around 11% of treatment admissions in California do not specify treatment levels. Many of these are likely outpatient services.

Comparison of Treatment in Stockton vs. Sacramento

LocationTreatment FacilitiesInpatient BedsAvg. Monthly Cost
Stockton, San Joaquin County27326$6,000
Sacramento, Sacramento County671,582$7,500

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. It is taken orally once daily and binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) provides methadone doses under medical supervision at opioid treatment programs (OTPs). The goal is to stabilize patients, reduce illicit opioid use, and allow normalization of physiology and behavior.

Society has had mixed views on methadone treatment. Some see it as critical for treating addiction while others view it as merely substituting one opioid for another. However, research shows MMT helps patients recover, improves outcomes, and reduces crime, disease transmission, and overdose death when properly implemented. Methadone enables people to function normally without the compulsion to seek out opioids.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is heavily regulated with required monitoring to prevent misuse and diversion:

  • Urine testing: Patients must undergo at least eight urine tests for illicit drugs in the first year of MMT.
  • Take-home doses: For the first 14 days, patients must take methadone at the clinic daily under observation, with limited take-home doses after demonstrating progress.
  • Oversight: OTPs must have an interprofessional team including counselors and nurses to monitor patient progress.
  • Prescription monitoring: Clinicians should check the state Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) when prescribing to ensure proper methadone dosage and prevent dangerous drug interactions.

In Stockton, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance, with dispensing limited to OTPs per California and federal law.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness

Methadone maintenance therapy has been used to treat opioid addiction since 1947. Studies confirm methadone is highly effective for treating opioid use disorder. Methadone reduces illicit opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and criminal activity. Patients on methadone have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests. They are also 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment, which itself reduces overdose risk. Retention in methadone treatment is linked to increased employment.

However, methadone does carry risks if misused. Diversion and misuse can lead to overdose, especially when combined with other sedatives. Methadone can prolong the QT interval, causing heart issues for some patients. Sudden withdrawal can cause severe symptoms. Still, with proper precautions and oversight, methadone is a well-established, effective treatment for opioid addiction with demonstrated benefits outweighing the risks. It remains a valuable medication option alongside newer drugs like buprenorphine.

About Stockton

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Stockton is located in San Joaquin County in California’s Central Valley. It is east of the San Francisco Bay Area and the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta.

Neighboring states:

  • Nevada
  • Oregon
  • Arizona

Capital and Largest City

Stockton is the county seat and largest city in San Joaquin County.

Land Area

The total area of Stockton is 71.7 square miles.

Infrastructure

Stockton is home to the Stockton Metropolitan Airport, the Port of Stockton, and the terminus of the Altamont Corridor Express commuter rail line. Major highways include Interstate 5, State Route 99, State Route 4, and State Route 26.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Stockton is 315,592 as of 2019.

Demographics:

Gender

  • Male: 50.1%
  • Female: 49.9%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 28.8%
  • 18 to 64 years: 59.0%
  • 65 years and over: 12.2%

Occupations

  • Management, business, science, and arts occupations: 32.2%
  • Service occupations: 26.2%
  • Sales and office occupations: 24.2%
  • Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations: 12.7%
  • Production, transportation, and material moving occupations: 12.5%