Methadone Clinics in Arkansas

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Arkansas Treatment Services LLC408 Hazel Street, Texarkana, Arkansas, 71854+18707740421
BHG Medical Services -North Little R4260 Stockton Drive, North Little Rock, Arkansas, 72117+15019169129
Bhg Medical Services Fayetteville8 West Colt Square Drive, Fayetteville, Arkansas, 72703+14792822992
Bhg Medical Services Hot Springs1 Mercy Lane Suite 403, Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas, 71913+15013197963
BHG Medical Services Jonesboro5510 Southwest Drive Suite 8, Jonesboro, Arkansas, 72404+18705206313
Central Arkansas Treatment Services5407 Highway 5 North Suite 6, Bryant, Arkansas, 72022+15017259098
Northeast Arkansas Treatment Services912 Osler Drive Suite B, Jonesboro, Arkansas, 72401+18703360549
Springdale Treatment Center7255 Meeshow Drive Suite A, Springdale, Arkansas, 72762+14793064480

Rules and regulations: Arkansas adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by federal and state agencies to ensure safe and ethical operations.

Certification procedures: Clinics must be certified by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and licensed by the state. Staff must complete comprehensive training programs.

Benefits of medication-assisted treatment:

  • Reduces opioid withdrawal and cravings
  • Allows stabilization, employment, and improved relationships
  • Lowers risk of overdose and infectious disease
  • Supports overall health and wellbeing

How clinics operate and their purpose: Clinics provide daily supervised methadone doses and comprehensive support services to facilitate recovery from opioid addiction.

Insurance Coverage

Free clinics: Some nonprofit clinics offer free or low-cost treatment based on patient need.

Public and private insurance coverage details: Medicaid covers methadone treatment costs for eligible low-income individuals. Some private insurance plans also cover treatment, but coverage varies. Uninsured patients may pay out-of-pocket on a sliding-fee scale based on income.

Drug Use in Arkansas

Opioid crisis declared public health emergency: In 2017, Arkansas declared the opioid epidemic a statewide public health emergency.

Statistics on drug overdoses and deaths:

  • In 2020, there were over 800 drug overdose deaths in Arkansas, a 45% increase from 2015. Over 75% of these deaths involved opioids.

Data on prevalence of different substances:

  • Opioids remain the most commonly cited reason for addiction treatment entry in Arkansas, followed by alcohol, methamphetamine, and marijuana.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Description: Medically-managed detoxification and intensive counseling/therapy services delivered in a residential facility.

Length of stay, procedures, services: Typical stays last 4 weeks on average. Treatment includes group/individual counseling, medical oversight, case management.

Outpatient Treatment

Description: Part-time counseling/therapy sessions 1-5 times per week while living at home.

Frequency of services, location: Varies based on individual needs. Delivered at clinics, private practices, and recovery centers.

Treatment Level Unreported

Description and estimates: An estimated 38% of Arkansas treatment admissions in 2020 did not specify treatment level.

Comparison of Treatment in Little Rock vs Memphis

CityTreatment FacilitiesInpatient BedsCost of Treatment
Little Rock78~500$10,000+/month
Memphis123~800$15,000+/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Mechanism as medication assisted treatment, OTP principle: Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. It activates opioid receptors to curb withdrawal and cravings without inducing substantial euphoria. It is typically dispensed daily as oral liquid under observation at certified opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment: Although an evidence-based treatment, methadone maintenance faces stigma due to its opioid properties and perceptions those on MAT are still addicted. However, leading health organizations endorse methadone as an essential medicine for treating addiction as a medical disorder.

Explanation in layman terms: Methadone tricks the brain’s opioid receptors providing relief from intense cravings and withdrawal from short-acting opioids like heroin or painkillers. With cravings stabilized, people can focus on counseling/lifestyle changes essential to overcoming addiction long-term.

Methadone Distribution

Description of monitoring and regulations:

  1. Urine testing: Federal OTP guidelines mandate at least 8 random drug tests in the first year of methadone treatment to ensure compliance and detect additional substance use which could endanger patients.
  2. Take-home requirements: Patients must follow program rules and provide clean drug tests over a period from 90 days to 2 years before a limited number of take-home doses can be permitted to reduce disruption to work/family life.
  3. Monitoring: A team including physicians, nurses, counselors, and social workers provide comprehensive monitoring and coordination of care.
  4. Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should continually review state Prescription Drug Monitoring Program data to ensure safe methadone dosage adjustments and minimal contraindicated medications that could pose overdose risk if combined.

Arkansas state drug classifications: Arkansas classifies methadone as a Schedule II controlled prescription substance meaning it has medicinal value but also potential for abuse/harm which necessitates strict oversight of distribution.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947.

Evidence for Effectiveness: Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime: 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests; 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment. Retention in treatment reduces overdose/disease transmission risk and increases employment.

Major Drawbacks: Potential for misuse/diversion; Severe withdrawal symptoms if stopped suddenly; Possible QTc prolongation/cardiac issues; Respiratory depression/overdose risk when combined with other substances.

Comparison to Other Medications: Equally effective as buprenorphine for reducing opioid use.

Conclusion: Benefits but also risks requiring careful management.

About Arkansas

Location, county & list of neighbouring states: Arkansas is located in the southern United States. It shares borders with Missouri, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. Arkansas has 75 counties.

Capital and largest city: The capital and largest city in Arkansas is Little Rock, located in Pulaski County.

Land area: Arkansas covers an area of 52,068 square miles, making it the 29th largest U.S. state by total area.

Infrastructure: Major interstate highways in Arkansas include I-30, I-40 and I-55. The state has 6 commercial airports and over 2,200 miles of freight rail lines.

Population Statistics

Total population: As of 2019 estimates, Arkansas has a population of 3,017,825 residents.

Demographics:

  • Gender: 48.7% male, 51.3% female
  • Age brackets: 60% adults age 18-64, 19% under 18 years, 21% over age 65
  • Occupations: Top industries in Arkansas include healthcare, retail trade, manufacturing and government. Common jobs are related to management, sales, office administration, food preparation, production, education, and healthcare. Around 2% work in agriculture and farming.