Methadone Clinics in Virginia

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Family Counseling Center for Recovery4906 Radford Avenue, Richmond, Virginia, 23230+18043541996
Fmtc - Fairfax Methadone Treatment Center7008-G Little River Turnpike, Annandale, Virginia, 22003+17033333113
Hampton Roads Clinic Opioid Treatment Program2712 Washington Avenue, Newport News, Virginia, 23607+17572405223
Harrisonburg Treatment Center30 Baxter Drive Suites 170 and 180, Harrisonburg, Virginia, 22801+15409083917
Human Resources, Inc. - Willow Oaks Residential Treatment114 Willow Oaks Lane, Cartersville, Virginia, 23027+18043753443
Rappahannock Area Comm Services Board Substance Abuse Services600 Jackson Street, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 22401+15403733223
Rpmc - Richmond Private Methadone Clinic4926 West Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia, 23230+18046735241
The Harrison House Of Virginia5105Q Backlick Rd., Annandale, Virginia, 22003+18448899433
Vanguard Services Unlimited Phoenix Program521 Quincy Street, Arlington, Virginia, 22203+1,70384107038668E+20
Vbmc - Virginia Beach Methadone Clinic1728 Virginia Beach Boulevard Suite 113, Virginia Beach, Virginia, 23454+17574370411

Virginia adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Virginia Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services and the Drug Enforcement Administration. Certification procedures cover aspects such as licensing, inspections, personnel credentials, dispensing protocols, inventory controls, security standards, and patient limits.

Clinics provide medication-assisted treatment using methadone, an opioid agonist medication that reduces cravings and blocks euphoric effects of other opioids. This allows people struggling with opioid addiction to regain stability and function while managing their recovery. Clinics dispense daily methadone doses under medical supervision along with counseling.

Insurance Coverage

Virginia has some grant-funded methadone clinics offering free or affordable treatment based on financial hardship and lack of health insurance. Typical coverage options include:

  • Medicaid: Virginia Medicaid programs cover treatment costs, counseling, care coordination, and tests for eligible members subject to restrictions.
  • Private Insurance: Some Virginia health plans may cover portions subjected to deductibles, copays, exclusions based on the plan details. Coverage varies significantly.

Drug Use in Virginia

Virginia declared the opioid crisis a public health emergency in 2016 with overdose deaths peaking around 1,500 annually. Fatalities have declined somewhat lately but fentanyl poses growing concerns.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient facilities offer 24/7 medically supervised addiction treatment typically for 30-90 days. Services include counseling, group/individual therapy, case management, medical care, and discharge planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient provides addiction treatment services for several hours at a time while living at home. Frequency starts higher then reduces over time for continuing care.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 30-50% battling addiction in Virginia access some form of treatment not reflected in public data through private doctors, community centers, peer support groups, etc.

Comparison of Treatment in Virginia vs. Neighboring Major City

CategoryRichmond, VABaltimore, MD
Treatment Facilities160215
Inpatient Beds2,8003,200
Cost of Treatment$7,000/month$8,500/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and certified opioid treatment programs (OTPs) since 1947. As a full agonist, it activates opioid receptors enough to prevent withdrawals and reduce cravings without inducing a strong high. Societal perspectives on methadone remain controversial, though it serves to medically stabilize recovery by substituting controlled dosing for illicit opioid misuse. Simply put, methadone provides therapeutic opioid effects to support addiction treatment.

Methadone Distribution

Virginia closely governs methadone distribution operations:

  1. Requiring at least 8 patient urine tests in the first treatment year.
  2. Limiting initial take-home methadone to a 1-day medication supply.
  3. Mandating OTPs utilize interprofessional teams overseeing dosing/care.
  4. Having clinicians cross-check the Prescription Monitoring Program to inform proper methadone dosage adjustments considering its narrow therapeutic window.

Virginia categorizes methadone as a Schedule II controlled substance, balancing its sanctioned medical purpose against potential for abuse.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Extensive evidence confirms methadone successfully reduces opioid misuse based on 33% fewer positive drug tests, boosts retention at over 4 times higher rates, and mitigates overdose, HIV, hepatitis C, and criminal risks by stabilizing patients in care. However, notable risks include diversion potential as a controlled medication, stopping abruptly causes severe withdrawal sickness, mixing sedatives increases overdose dangers, while cardiac issues rarely occur. Research deems methadone as effective as buprenorphine for decreasing illicit opioid use when properly managed. In summary, methadone provides benefits yet requires vigilant oversight given its risks.

About Virginia

Virginia is located in the southeastern United States, bordered by West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Maryland and the Atlantic Ocean. Its capital city is Richmond and largest city is Virginia Beach. Virginia covers 42,775 square miles of land area spanning 95 counties. Major infrastructure includes Interstates 64, 66, 81, and 95 along with Richmond and Dulles international airports.

Population Statistics

The estimated total population of Virginia equals about 8.7 million as of 2022.

Demographics indicate:

Gender: 51% female, 49% male

Age: 78% over 18 years old

  • 22% under 18
  • 16% over age 65


  • 36% management, business, science, arts
  • 13% sales and office support
  • 11% education and healthcare
  • 10% both production & transportation and service industry
  • 6% construction and maintenance