Methadone Clinics in Fresno

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Addiction Research and Treatment Inc ART BBHS1235 E Street, Fresno, CA 93706(559) 268-6261
Addiction Research and Treatment Inc Bay Area Addiction Research and Trt539 North Van Ness Avenue, Fresno, CA 93728(559) 266-9581
Aegis Medical Systems Inc3707 East Shields Avenue, Fresno, CA 93726(559) 229-9040
BAART Behavioral Health Services Inc3103 East Cartwright Avenue, Fresno, CA 93725(559) 498-7100
MedMark Treatment Centers Inc1310 M Street, Fresno, CA 93721(559) 264-2700
VA Central California HealthcareSystem Chemical Dependence Treatment2615 East Clinton Avenue Suite 116-D Fresno, CA 93703(559) 225-61004128
Valley Recovery Center at Fresno6435 North Palm Avenue Suite 103 Fresno, California 93704(888) 809-9544

Rules and Regulations

Fresno, Fresno County, California, United States adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). All clinics must be certified and meet standards around medication dispensing, counseling services, and more.

Certification Procedures

  • Clinics must apply for certification from SAMHSA and undergo inspections
  • Staff must meet requirements around licensing and training
  • Medication dispensing must follow DEA regulations

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

  • Reduces opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Facilitates patient stabilization and recovery
  • Lowers risk of overdose and associated health issues
  • Improves patient functionality and wellbeing

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment (MAT) to those with opioid use disorder. Clinics dispense methadone and other medications to alleviate withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings. They also offer counseling and behavioral therapies to support long-term recovery. The ultimate purpose is to help patients achieve sobriety and restored health.

Insurance Coverage

  • Medicaid and Medicare may cover methadone treatment
  • Private insurance plans sometimes offer coverage as well
  • Uninsured patients may qualify for free or reduced-cost treatment through state grants or clinic financial assistance programs

Drug Use in Fresno

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. In California:

  • There were 5,086 opioid-related deaths in 2020 (CDPH)
  • Fresno County’s age-adjusted rate of ED visits related to substance use disorders was consistently higher than the state average from 2016-2020 (CDPH)

Fresno struggles with methamphetamine and alcohol addiction in particular:

  • Meth was involved in the majority of overdose deaths in 2020 (Fresno Bee)
  • Binge drinking prevalence is 20% higher than the statewide rate (County Health Rankings)

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • The typical stay is 28 days
  • 24/7 medical monitoring and counseling
  • Group and individual therapy

Outpatient Treatment

  • Sessions 1-5 days per week for several hours
  • Offered by clinics, private practices, health centers
  • A mix of group and individual treatment

Treatment Level Unreported

  • An estimated 30% of facilities do not report treatment level (SAMHSA)
  • The majority of these are presumed to be outpatient

Comparison of Treatment in Fresno vs. Kern County

CategoryFresno CountyKern County (Bakersfield)
Treatment Facilities16348
Inpatient Beds447216
Average Annual Cost$15,000$18,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone is taken orally once daily in steadily tapering doses under medical supervision, a principle known as opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed. While it does help stabilize individuals and reduce illegal opioid use, some view it as merely replacing one opioid with another. However, research shows methadone and other MAT leads to better outcomes when combined with counseling and social support. In layman’s terms, methadone helps normalize brain function previously altered by opioid misuse.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is highly regulated with several monitoring requirements:

  • Urine testing: Patients must undergo at least eight urine tests for illicit drugs in the first year of treatment
  • Take-home doses: Limited to a 24-hour supply in the first 14 days of treatment
  • Oversight: Methadone treatment programs require an interprofessional team including counseling staff
  • Prescription checks: Clinicians should review the state’s prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to ensure safe methadone dosage

In Fresno, methadone is a Schedule II controlled medication, with illegal use charged as a misdemeanor under Fresno County and California law.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder that has been used since 1947.

Studies show methadone treatment:

  • Reduces opioid-positive drug tests by 33%
  • Increases treatment retention 4.44 times compared to non-medication approaches
  • Retention in treatment reduces disease transmission risks and increases employment
  • Is as effective as buprenorphine in reducing self-reported opioid use

However, methadone does carry risks:

  • Potential for misuse and diversion
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • Possibility of QTc prolongation and cardiac issues
  • Respiratory depression and overdose when combined with other substances, require careful management

In conclusion, methadone is beneficial but also requires careful oversight because of its risks.

About Fresno

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Fresno is located in Fresno County in California’s Central Valley, surrounded by the counties of Madera, Kings, San Benito, Monterey, Merced, Stanislaus, Tulare and Kern. California shares borders with Oregon, Nevada, Arizona, and the Mexican state of Baja California.

Capital and Largest City

Sacramento is the capital of California, while Los Angeles is the largest city. Fresno is the fifth most populous city in California.

Land Area

Fresno County covers an area of 6,011 square miles. The city of Fresno has a total area of 112.3 square miles.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Fresno is 527,438 as of 2021. Fresno County has a population of 1,026,681 as of the 2020 census.

Gender

Fresno’s population is 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

Age Brackets

  • 21.1% are under age 18
  • 11.1% aged 18 to 24
  • 27.8% aged 25 to 44
  • 22.8% aged 45 to 64
  • 17.2% 65 years and over

Occupations

Major occupations in Fresno include office administration (14.5%), sales (11.4%), food preparation and services (9.2%), transportation (7.7%) and healthcare (7.6%).