Methadone Clinics in San Diego

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Aurora Behavioral Healthcare San Diego11878 Avenue of Industry San Diego, CA 92128(858) 487-3200
Home Avenue Clinic3940 Home Avenue San Diego, CA 92105(619) 262-8000
Kaiser Permanente Medical Group Chemical Dependency Recovery ProgramDept of Addiction Medicine 3420 Kenyon Street San Diego, CA 92110(619) 221-6550
Mission Treatment Services Inc San Diego6691 Convoy Court, San Diego, CA 92111(858) 715-1211
Progressive Medical Specialists Inc4974 El Cajon Boulevard, Suite A, San Diego, CA 92115(619) 286-4600
Progressive Medical Specialists LLCSan Diego, CA 92115(877) 938-4600
Psycare Associates Inc Psycare Intensive Outpatient Program4540 Kearny Villa Road Suite 102 San Diego, CA 92123(858) 279-1223
San Diego Health Alliance West Office7020 Friars Road, San Diego, CA 92108(619) 718-9890
San Diego Health Alliance West Office7020 Friars Road San Diego, CA 92108(619) 718-9890
Sharp Mesa Vista Hospital Chemical Dependency Program7850 Vista Hill Avenue San Diego, CA 92123(858) 694-8300

Rules and Regulations

San Diego adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). All clinics must be certified and accredited.

Certification Procedures

  • Clinics must apply for certification from SAMHSA
  • Staff must undergo background checks
  • Facilities must meet security and storage standards

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

  • Improves patient survival
  • Increases retention in treatment
  • Decreases illicit opioid use and other criminal activity
  • Increases patients’ ability to gain and maintain employment

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment (MAT) to those with opioid use disorder. Clinics provide methadone dosing, counseling, drug testing, and case management. The ultimate purpose is to help patients achieve sobriety and become productive members of society.

Insurance Coverage

Many clinics accept various insurances including:

Free Clinics

Some clinics offer services at little or no cost based on patient needs. These clinics often rely on grant funding and donations.

Drug Use in San Diego

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. In San Diego County specifically:

  • There were over 600 opioid overdose deaths in 2020
  • Fentanyl and methamphetamine are the leading causes of overdose
  • Over 9% of adults struggle with substance abuse

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Typical stay is 28 days
  • 24/7 medical monitoring and counseling
  • Detoxification, group therapy, medication management

Outpatient Treatment

  • 1-5 visits per week for counseling and therapy
  • Located in clinics, private practices, hospitals
  • Flexible schedules

Treatment Level Unreported

  • Estimated 30% of patients do not report treatment level
  • Likely a mix of inpatient and outpatient

Comparison of Treatment in San Diego vs. Los Angeles

CategorySan DiegoLos AngelesPhoenix
Treatment Centers285571223
Inpatient Beds1,8503,3001,625
Cost of Treatment$15,000$30,000$10,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and dependence. As medication-assisted treatment (MAT), methadone helps prevent opioid withdrawal and reduces drug cravings by activating opioid receptors in the brain, similar to other opioid drugs. Opioid treatment programs (OTPs) provide methadone doses daily for patients to take orally under supervision.

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed – while it does help many people recover, some view it as merely replacing one addiction with another. However, research shows that properly managed MAT with methadone significantly improves outcomes versus attempting abstinence-only recovery. Explanations in layman’s terms focus on how methadone stabilizes brain chemistry to allow function without euphoria or sedation.

Methadone Distribution

OTPs distributing methadone must follow strict federal and state regulations including:

  • Urine testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight random drug tests in the first year of treatment to detect any unauthorized drug use.
  • Take-home requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home supply of methadone is limited to just a 24-hour dose. After 2 years of compliance, patients may earn a 30-day supply.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team including counselors, social workers, and medical staff to monitor patient progress.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review their state’s prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference any other opioid medications a patient is prescribed, as methadone has a narrow therapeutic index.

In California, methadone is a Schedule II controlled prescription drug, with illegal possession penalized more severely than personal use quantities of heroin and other street opioids.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime:

  • 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests for patients in MAT.
  • 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment versus attempting abstinence. Retention in treatment reduces overdose risk and increases employment.

However, methadone does have some major drawbacks:

  • Potential for misuse/diversion
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • Possible QTc prolongation/cardiac issues
  • Respiratory depression/overdose risk when combined with other substances

Methadone is equally as effective as buprenorphine for reducing opioid use.

In conclusion, methadone has demonstrated benefits but also risks requiring careful management.

About San Diego

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

San Diego is located in San Diego County in the U.S. state of California. It borders Mexico to the south and the following U.S. states:

  • Arizona
  • Nevada

Capital and Largest City

The capital and largest city in California is Sacramento. The largest city in San Diego County is San Diego.

Land Area

San Diego has a total area of 964 square miles.

Infrastructure

San Diego is a city with local government and public services.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of San Diego is approximately 1,425,976 as of 2021.

Demographics

Gender

  • Male: 50.4%
  • Female: 49.6%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 20.2%
  • 18 to 64 years: 68.1%
  • 65 years and over: 11.7%

Occupations

The top occupations in San Diego are:

  • Management, business, science, and arts: 47.8%
  • Sales and office: 24.2%
  • Service: 15.8%
  • Production, transportation, and material moving: 12.2%