Methadone Clinics in Oakland

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Addiction Research and Treatment Inc1124 International Boulevard Oakland, CA 94606(510) 533-0800
Kaiser Permanente Chemical Dependency Recovery Program969 Broadway Oakland, CA 94607(510) 251-0121
MPI Treatment Services3012 Summit Street 6th Floor Oakland, CA 94609(510) 652-7000
VA Mental Health Clinic2505 West 14th Street Oakland Army Base Oakland, CA 94607(510) 587-3400

Rules and Regulations

Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Certification Procedures

Methadone clinics in Oakland must undergo certification by SAMHSA, as well as accreditation by an organization like the Joint Commission. This involves inspections, quality control, and compliance with regulations around medication dispensing, counseling, and more. Clinics must renew accreditation periodically.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Methadone and other medication-assisted treatments for opioid addiction can:

  • Reduce opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allow patients to focus on overall health and recovery
  • Lower the risk of overdose and other harms
  • Improve social functioning and quality of life

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication, counseling, case management, and other services to help patients recover from opioid addiction. Patients must visit the clinic daily to receive their prescribed methadone dose. Clinics offer different treatment options like maintenance, detoxification, or medically supervised withdrawal.

Insurance Coverage

Many clinics accept Medicaid and other insurance. Some also offer sliding-scale fees or public funding assistance. Uninsured patients may use free or low-cost clinics.

Drug Use in Oakland

The opioid crisis has been declared a public health emergency in the United States. In California:

  • There were 4,868 opioid-involved overdose deaths in 2020.
  • Fentanyl is the most commonly involved substance in overdose deaths.
  • Methamphetamine and alcohol are also commonly involved in overdose deaths.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Typically 30-90 days length of stay
  • 24/7 medical monitoring and support
  • Counseling, group therapy, medication management

Outpatient Treatment

  • 1-5 visits per week for counseling and therapy
  • Located in clinics, private practices, hospitals
  • Ongoing medication management

Treatment Level Unreported

  • Approximately 10% of facilities do not report treatment level
  • Likely a mix of inpatient and outpatient services

Comparison of Treatment in Oakland vs. San Francisco

CityFacilitiesInpatient BedsCost per Month
Oakland, CA112289$6,000
SF, CA98521$8,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. It binds to opioid receptors and reduces cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone maintenance treatment programs provide daily doses of methadone under medical supervision and counseling at opioid treatment programs (OTPs). The goal is to support recovery by reducing illicit opioid use and related risks.

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment vary. While some see it as enabling addiction, evidence shows methadone reduces overdoses, disease transmission, and crime. Explained simply, methadone replaces dangerous street opioids with regular doses of a legal opioid medication that allows normal functioning.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is strictly monitored by state and federal regulations:

  • Urine Testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight tests in the first year of treatment to detect illicit drug use.
  • Take-Home Requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home supply of methadone is limited to a 24-hour supply. More take-home doses are allowed over time for compliant patients.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team to provide comprehensive care including counseling and social services.
  • Prescription Drug Monitoring: Clinicians should review prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference other opioid medications. Methadone has a narrow therapeutic index so doses must be adjusted for patient factors.

In California, methadone is a Schedule II controlled prescription drug. The Alameda County OTP provides methadone to over 1,500 patients with opioid use disorder.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder. It has been used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Many studies provide strong evidence for methadone’s effectiveness:

  • 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests for methadone patients
  • Methadone patients were 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment
  • Retention in methadone treatment reduces overdose risk, HIV risk behaviors, and unemployment

Major Drawbacks

Potential issues with methadone include diversion, withdrawal symptoms if stopped suddenly, cardiac effects, respiratory depression if combined with other substances, and overdose risk.

Comparison to Other Medications

Methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective in reducing illicit opioid use.

Methadone has demonstrated benefits but also risks requiring careful management.

About Oakland

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Oakland is located in Alameda County in the U.S. state of California. The neighboring states are Oregon, Nevada, and Arizona.

Capital and Largest City

Sacramento is the capital of California, while Los Angeles is the largest city.

Land Area

Oakland has a total area of 78.0 square miles.

Population Statistics

Total Population

As of 2021, Oakland had a population of 433,031 people.

Demographics:

Gender

  • Male: 50.5%
  • Female: 49.5%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 21.1%
  • 18 to 64 years: 65.8%
  • 65 years and over: 13.1%

Occupations

The top occupations in Oakland are:

  • Office and administrative support: 14.3%
  • Sales and related: 9.8%
  • Business and financial operations: 7.9%
  • Education, training, and library: 6.8%
  • Healthcare practitioners and technical: 5.9%