Methadone Clinics in South Dakota

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Bowling Green Inn of SD DBA Keystone Treatment Center1010 East 2nd Street Canton, SD 57013(605) 987-2751x107
Sioux Falls Treatment Center 2519 W 8th Street Sioux Falls, SD 57104

South Dakota regulates methadone clinics under federal and state guidelines to balance treatment access and responsible practices. Clinics must register with the Department of Health and meet standards around counseling, testing, security, and more. Despite strict oversight, South Dakota aims to increase access to this beneficial medication-assisted treatment (MAT).

Certification involves staff credentials review, facility inspections, and demonstrated competence in MAT protocols. Clinics must exhibit quality care improving patient function and community integration.

MAT provides a critical lifeline for many with opioid use disorder. When combined with counseling, methadone can:

  • Reduce illicit and high-risk drug use
  • Improve physical and mental health
  • Support employment goals and family reconciliation

Clinics offer a structured environment to help patients progress toward recovery. They aim to mitigate withdrawal symptoms, reduce cravings, and provide compassionate care.

Insurance Coverage

South Dakota has some free and charitable clinics assisting uninsured and low-income residents:

  • Low Income Clinic offers addiction treatment on a sliding fee scale
  • Healthcare for the Homeless provides substance abuse services

Medicaid covers methadone treatment. Private insurers must include MAT benefits by law. Grants, state funds and financial assistance are also available so cost is not a barrier to ethical, effective treatment.

Drug Use in South Dakota

South Dakota declared the opioid crisis a public health emergency in 2021 amid rising addiction and overdoses. Key data:

  • 4 million opioid prescriptions filled from 2015-2019
  • 110 overdose deaths in 2021
  • 21% of treatment admissions for heroin
  • Methamphetamine found in 72% of overdose cases

This shows the critical need for accessible, ethical addiction treatment.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient facilities provide 24/7 supervised care including detox, counseling, group therapy, and monitoring during average 28-day stays.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient programs deliver periodic services for 2-4 hours per day. This involves counseling, medication management, case management and peer support groups.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 43% of South Dakotans receiving addiction treatment have an unreported treatment level. This represents gaps existing in statewide care assessments.

Comparison of Treatment in South Dakota vs. Neighboring Major City

CategorySioux Falls, SDFargo, ND
Treatment Facilities2532
Inpatient Beds234316
Cost of Treatment$8,500 per month$15,000 per month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD). As part of opioid treatment programs (OTPs), methadone helps prevent withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings by acting on the same brain receptors as opioids. Though it is itself an opioid, studies show MAT with methadone facilitates recovery better than abstinence-only models.

Societal perspectives on methadone remain polarized in South Dakota, despite strong clinical evidence for its benefits. Some view it as “trading one drug for another” and enabling addiction. However, appropriately-administered methadone relieves suffering and helps patients regain stability.

Methadone Distribution

In South Dakota, methadone distribution has strict oversight including:

  1. Urine testing: Patients must undergo at least eight tests in the first year of treatment.
  2. Take-home requirements: For the first 90 days, the methadone supply is limited to a daily witnessed on-site dose. After 2 years of adherence, patients can earn 6 take-home doses per week.
  3. Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs have interprofessional teams providing coordinated medical, counseling and case management services.
  4. Prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) checks: Clinicians cross-reference the PDMP to improve care coordination and prevent adverse interactions.

South Dakota categorizes methadone as a Schedule II controlled substance due to misuse and diversion risks.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone has been used to treat opioid addiction since 1947 with much evidence supporting its effectiveness. Studies show participation in a methadone program is associated with reduced opioid use, fewer health/social consequences, and increased treatment retention.

However, there are risks requiring vigilant monitoring:

  • Misuse/diversion potential
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • Cardiac issues like QTc prolongation
  • Respiratory depression when combined with CNS depressants

Research suggests methadone and buprenorphine have similar efficacy in reducing illicit opioid use. But methadone may suit more patients needing higher, flexible doses. Overall, benefits outweigh risks when methadone is carefully managed.

About South Dakota

South Dakota is located in the Midwestern United States. It borders North Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming and Montana. The state capital and largest city are Pierre and Sioux Falls, respectively.

Spanning 77,121 square miles, South Dakota’s landscape includes badlands, forests, mountains and farmland. Infrastructure supports major industries like agriculture, tourism and manufacturing for the state’s 900,000 residents.

Population Statistics

As of 2021 estimates, South Dakota’s population is approximately 887,732. Statewide demographics include:

Gender: 49.7% Male, 50.3% Female

Age Brackets: 22% under 18 years, 58% ages 18-65, 20% over 65


  • 14% Healthcare and Social Assistance
  • 13% Retail Trade
  • 12% Finance and Insurance
  • 11% Manufacturing

This breakdown shows a majority working-age population employed largely in healthcare, retail, finance and manufacturing sectors. Seniors and children make up over 40% combined. These profiles help target funding for health and social services across age groups and employment categories statewide.