Methadone Clinics in Los Angeles

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Addiction Research and Treatment Inc (ART)1926 West Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, California, 90057+12133531140
Narcotics Prevention Association942 South Atlantic Boulevard, Los Angeles, California, 90022+13232639700

California regulates methadone clinic certification, security, capacity, and dispensing procedures. Certified clinics in Los Angeles provide supervised medication, counseling, referrals, and support for those with opioid addictions.

Rules and regulations

California follows federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) accreditation and Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) registration for methadone clinics. State medical boards certify physicians, and facilities adhere to confidentiality laws.

Certification procedures

  • Facilities obtain state certification by meeting operational standards for ethical, evidence-based treatment.
  • Staff credentials and treatment protocols are reviewed in a rigorous application process.

Benefits of medication-assisted treatment

  • Reduced illicit opioid use, overdoses, and transmitting infectious diseases
  • Improved wellbeing and social functioning
  • Increased retention in treatment and rehabilitation programs

How clinics operate and their purpose

In a structured environment, clinics provide methadone doses, addiction counseling, community referrals, and recovery support. The goal is to alleviate withdrawal and reduce opioid cravings through maintenance therapy.

Insurance Coverage

Some clinics offer uninsured patients ability-to-pay options. Medicaid and private insurance cover clinic costs based on plan details like deductibles and copays. Those without coverage can inquire about financial assistance.

Drug Use in Los Angeles

  • California declared the opioid crisis a statewide emergency in 2022 amid rising overdoses.
  • In 2021, Los Angeles County reported 2,778 opioid overdose deaths at a rate of 27.7 per 100,000 residents.
  • Commonly used illicit substances include fentanyl, heroin, cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamine.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Patients reside at a facility for typically 30-90 days. Services involve medical care, individual and group therapy, education, and discharge planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Patients attend structured programming at a facility 1-5 days per week for 2-4 hours a day. Services are similar but patients return home nights.

Treatment Level Unreported

Approximately 51% of Angelenos needing but not receiving treatment have an unreported treatment level, indicating gaps in access.

Comparison of Los Angeles, CA vs. San Diego, CA

CategoryLos Angeles, CASan Diego, CA
Number of treatment facilities564322
Inpatient beds available3,2211,598
Approximate cost of 30 days inpatient$30,000$25,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in opioid treatment programs (OTPs) as medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD). As an OTP, methadone maintenance therapy provides daily supervised methadone doses to prevent withdrawal and reduce drug cravings without inducing a “high”. This allows patients to focus on recovery.

Societal perspectives on methadone are mixed due to diversion risks but properly-managed treatment adheres to strict protocols for safety.

Methadone Distribution

California regulates methadone distribution with several monitoring requirements:

  1. Urine testing: Patients undergo at least eight random drug tests in the first year of treatment to ensure appropriate use and identify additional substance issues.
  2. Take-home requirements: For the first 14 days, take-home methadone doses are limited to a 24-hour supply, with more take-homes allowed over time for stable patients.
  3. Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs have an interprofessional team overseeing care coordination.
  4. Prescription drug monitoring: Providers review California’s CURES PDMP data to carefully determine methadone dosage and monitor for dangerous drug interactions.

In California, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance, indicating potential for abuse but accepted medical use.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone maintenance therapy has been used to treat opioid addiction since 1947.

Evidence for Effectiveness (100 words)

Studies show methadone treatment is associated with:

  • 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests
  • 4.44 times higher retention rates

Staying in treatment reduces overdose, HIV, and hepatitis risks while increasing employment opportunities.

Major Drawbacks

However, methadone risks include: potential diversion; severe withdrawal if stopped; QTc/cardiac issues; respiratory depression and overdose when combined with substances like benzodiazepines.

Comparison to Other Medications

Research indicates methadone and buprenorphine have equal effectiveness for reducing illicit opioid use.

Conclusion

Methadone has demonstrated benefits but requires careful administration and monitoring to address risks.

About Los Angeles

Los Angeles is located in the southern region of California, bordering the Pacific Ocean. Neighboring counties include Orange County to the southeast, San Bernardino County to the east, Kern County to the north, and Ventura County to the northwest.

With over 4 million residents, Los Angeles is both the most populous city in California as well as the second-most populous city in the United States after New York City. Los Angeles spans a total land area of 503 square miles. Infrastructure includes the Port of Los Angeles, Los Angeles International Airport, an extensive highway system, and public transportation.

Population Statistics

As of 2021 population estimates, Los Angeles has an estimated total population of 3,973,000 residents.

Demographics

  • Gender: The population is 50.3% female and 49.7% male.
  • Age Brackets: 21.6% are under 18 years old, 67.2% are ages 18 to 64, and 11.2% are over age 65.
  • Occupations: Major employment sectors include tourism/hospitality, tech/entertainment, trade/logistics, health care, professional services, manufacturing, and construction. Top employers are Kaiser Permanente, University of California Los Angeles, Northrop Grumman, and Target Corp. The unemployment rate was 4.4% as of December 2022.