Methadone Clinics in Minnesota

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Center for Alcohol and Drug Treatment314 West Superior Street Suite 400, Duluth, Minnesota, 55802+12187238444
HCMC Addiction Medicine Program914 South 8th Street, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55404+16128735500
Leech Lake Opioid Treatment Program409 3rd Street, Cass Lake, Minnesota, 56633+12183354514
Metro Care Human Services Treatment6043 Hudson Road Suite 340, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 55125+16515287141
Minneapolis VA Healthcare System1 Veterans Drive Highway 55 and County 62 Unit 116A4, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55417+16124672228
Rochester Metro Treatment Center2360 North Broadway, Rochester, Minnesota, 55906+15072820142
Valhalla Place6043 Hudson Road Suite 220, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 55125+16519258200

Minnesota adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Minnesota Department of Human Services Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division and the Drug Enforcement Administration. Certification procedures cover aspects such as licensing, regular inspections, personnel credentials, dispensing protocols, inventory controls, security standards, and patient limits.

Clinics provide medication-assisted treatment using methadone, an opioid agonist medication that reduces cravings and blocks euphoric effects of other opioids. This allows people struggling with opioid addiction to regain control, function normally, and manage their recovery. Clinics dispense daily methadone doses along with counseling and other services.

Insurance Coverage

Minnesota has limited grant-funded methadone clinics offering free or low-cost treatment based on financial hardship and lack of health insurance coverage. More typical coverage scenarios include:

  • Medicaid: Minnesota Medicaid programs cover treatment costs, counseling, medical care and tests for members based on eligibility criteria. Small copays may apply.
  • Private Insurance: Some plans cover portions of services often subject to deductibles, copays, prior authorization, exclusions based on plan details. Coverage varies significantly between insurers.

Drug Use in Minnesota

Minnesota declared the opioid crisis a statewide emergency in 2019. Deaths have declined slightly but remain high with over 700 annually. Fentanyl is now found in most cases with methamphetamine and cocaine deaths also rising.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient facilities offer 24/7 medically supervised addiction treatment for typically 30-90 days. Services include counseling, group/individual therapy, case management, medical care, and discharge planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient provides addiction treatment services for several hours at a time while living at home. Frequency starts higher then reduces over time for continuing recovery management.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 30-50% battling addiction in Minnesota access some form of treatment not reflected in public data through private doctors, tribal health, community centers, peer support groups, etc.

Comparison of Treatment in Minnesota vs. Neighboring Major City

CategoryMinneapolis, MNMilwaukee, WI
Treatment Facilities9565
Inpatient Beds1,500800
Cost of Treatment$6,500/month$5,000/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and certified opioid treatment programs (OTPs) since 1947. As a full agonist, it activates opioid receptors enough to prevent withdrawals and reduce cravings without inducing a strong euphoric high. Views on methadone remain controversial, though it serves to medically stabilize recovery by substituting controlled dosing for illicit opioid misuse. In simple terms, methadone provides therapeutic opioid effects to support addiction treatment.

Methadone Distribution

Minnesota closely governs methadone distribution operations:

  1. Requiring at least 8 patient urine tests in the first treatment year.
  2. Limiting initial take-home methadone to a 1-day supply.
  3. Mandating OTPs utilize interprofessional teams overseeing dosing/care.
  4. Having clinicians cross-check the Prescription Monitoring Program to inform proper methadone dosage adjustments considering its narrow therapeutic window.

Minnesota categorizes methadone as a Schedule II controlled substance, balancing its sanctioned medical purpose with potential for abuse and diversion.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Extensive evidence confirms methadone successfully reduces opioid misuse based on 33% fewer positive drug screens, enhances retention at over 4 times higher rates, and mitigates overdose, HIV, hepatitis C, and criminal risks by stabilizing patients in care. However, notable risks include diversion potential as a controlled medication, stopping abruptly causes severe withdrawal sickness, mixing sedatives heightens overdose dangers, while cardiac issues rarely occur. High-quality research deems methadone as effective as buprenorphine for decreasing illicit opioid use when properly managed. In summary, methadone has benefits yet requires vigilant oversight given associated risks.

About Minnesota

Minnesota is located in the Midwestern United States, bordered by Wisconsin, Iowa, South Dakota, and North Dakota with Lake Superior to the northeast. Its capital city is Saint Paul and its largest city is Minneapolis. Minnesota spans 86,943 square miles containing 87 counties. Major infrastructure includes Interstates 35, 90, and 94 along with the Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport.

Population Statistics

The estimated total Minnesota population equals about 5.7 million residents as of 2022.

Demographics indicate:

Gender: 50% female, 50% male

Age: 80% over age 18

  • 20% under age 18
  • 16% over age 65


  • 25% management, business, science, arts
  • 16% both sales & office support and education & healthcare
  • 13% production and transportation
  • 12% service industry
  • 10% construction, maintenance