Methadone Clinics in Montana

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Benefis Healthcare500 15th Avenue South Great Falls, MT 59405(406) 455-2367
Community Medical Services Missoula715 Kensington Avenue, Suite 4, Missoula, MT 59801(406) 549-0114
Community Medical Services8707 Jackrabbit Lane Belgrade, MT 59714(406) 404-7900
Community Medical Services - Kalispell 795 Sunset Boulevard Kalispell, MT 59901
Community Medical Services - Missoula 715 Kensington Avenue Suite 4 Missoula, MT 59801
Pathways Treatment Center Kalispell Regional Medical Center200 Heritage Way Kalispell, MT 59901(406) 756-3950
Rimrock Foundation1231 North 29th Street Billings, MT 59101(406) 248-3175
Western Montana Addiction Services Turning Point1325 Wyoming Street Missoula, MT 59801(406) 532-9800

Rules and regulations

Montana adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services. All clinics must be licensed and accredited.

Certification procedures

To open a new opioid treatment program in Montana:

  • Submit application to state opioid treatment authority
  • Undergo facility inspections and plan reviews
  • Demonstrate capacity to provide required services
  • Have certified medical director and staff
  • Meet security standards

Benefits of medication-assisted treatment

Benefits of methadone maintenance therapy include:

  • Reducing opioid cravings and withdrawal
  • Allowing focus on recovery and rehabilitation
  • Lowering risk of overdose and infectious disease
  • Improving overall health and functioning

How clinics operate and their purpose

Methadone clinics provide supervised methadone dosing, counseling, case management to support recovery from opioid addiction. The goal is harm reduction and improved wellbeing.

Insurance Coverage

  • Montana Medicaid covers methadone treatment
  • Some private insurers may offer limited coverage
  • Uninsured individuals may qualify for state-funded treatment slots

Drug Use in Montana

  • Over 300 opioid overdose deaths in 2021 representing a 33% increase from 2020
  • Around 300,000 Montanans misused prescription opioids from 2015-2019 per CDC data
  • Methamphetamine, alcohol, and cannabis also widely used

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Focuses on medical stabilization, counseling, group therapy in a residential facility
  • Typical stay ranges from 30-90 days

Outpatient Treatment

  • Services while living at home – counseling, medication management
  • 1-5 days a week for several hours per day

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 18% did not specify treatment level

Comparison of Availability

CityTreatment CentersInpatient BedsCost of Treatment
Billings, MT28~300 beds$5,000+/month
Denver, CO125~1,900 beds$15,000+/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and opioid treatment programs (OTPs). It binds to opioid receptors, reducing cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Society has conflicting perspectives on methadone treatment – some view it as replacing one addiction with another, while supporters emphasize its efficacy as harm reduction. Simply put, methadone stabilizes patients and enables functioning.

Methadone Distribution

Montana has strict regulations for methadone distribution:

  1. Urine testing: Patients undergo at least eight random drug tests in the first treatment year to ensure compliance.
  2. Take-home doses: Patients are limited to a 24-hour methadone supply for the first 14 days, with more take-homes allowed over time if patients meet certain criteria.
  3. Monitoring: Methadone clinics have interprofessional teams overseeing treatment, including counseling, case management, and care coordination.
  4. Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians review the PDMP to carefully cross-reference methadone dosage with other medications, as methadone has a narrow therapeutic range and risk of interactions.

Montana categorizes methadone as a Schedule II controlled substance, indicating potential for abuse and dependence.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone has been effectively used to treat opioid addiction since 1947.

Evidence for Effectiveness: Studies show participation in a methadone program is associated with reduced opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and criminal behavior:

  • 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests
  • 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment

Retention in methadone treatment lowers overdose and disease risks while increasing employment opportunities.

Major Drawbacks:

  • Potential for misuse/diversion
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • Possible QTc prolongation/cardiac issues
  • Respiratory depression/overdose when combined with other substances

Comparison to Other Medications: Research shows methadone and buprenorphine have equal effectiveness for reducing illicit opioid use.

About Montana

Montana is located in the Northwestern United States, bordering North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, Idaho, and Canada. The capital city is Helena and the largest city is Billings. Montana covers 145,546 square miles, making it the 4th largest U.S. state by land area. Infrastructure includes highways, airports, railroads, and ports along the Missouri River system.

Population Statistics

The total Montana population is approximately 1 million residents.


  • Gender: 50% female, 50% male
  • Age brackets: 21% under 18 years, 61% between 18-64 years, 18% over 65 years


  • Healthcare and social assistance (17% of jobs)
  • Retail trade (11%)
  • Accommodation and food services (10%)
  • Construction (10%)