Methadone Clinics in West Virginia

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Martinsburg Institute223 Eagle School Road, Martinsburg, West Virginia, 25401+13042631101
Oasis Behavioral Health Services LLC689 Central Avenue, Barboursville, West Virginia, 25504+13047333331
Westbrook Health Services Wood County/Substance Abuse Servs2121 7th Street, Vienna, West Virginia, 26105+13044851721

West Virginia adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources Bureau for Behavioral Health and the Drug Enforcement Administration. Typical certification procedures cover aspects such as licensing, inspections, personnel credentials, dispensing protocols, diversion control, facility security, infection control, and patient limits.

Clinics provide medication-assisted treatment using methadone, an opioid agonist medication that reduces cravings and blocks euphoric effects of other opioids. This allows people struggling with opioid addiction to regain stability and function while managing their recovery. Clinics dispense daily methadone doses under medical supervision along with counseling.

Insurance Coverage

West Virginia has some grant-funded methadone clinics offering free or affordable treatment based on financial hardship and lack of health insurance. More typical coverage options include:

  • Medicaid: West Virginia Medicaid programs cover treatment costs, counseling, care coordination, and tests for eligible members subject to restrictions.
  • Private Insurance: Some plans may cover portions subjected to deductibles, copays, prior authorization, exclusions based on the plan details. Coverage varies significantly.

Drug Use in West Virginia

West Virginia declared the opioid crisis a public health emergency in 2017 with drug overdose deaths among the highest nationwide. While rates have declined recently, fentanyl poses growing concerns.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient facilities offer 24/7 supervised addiction care typically for 30-90 days. Services include counseling, group/individual therapy, case management, medical care, and discharge planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient provides therapy and support services for several hours at a time while living at home. Frequency starts higher then reduces over time for continuing care.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 30-50% battling addiction access some form of treatment not reflected in West Virginia data through private doctors, community health centers, peer support groups, etc.

Comparison of Treatment in West Virginia vs. Neighboring Major City

CategoryCharleston, WVPittsburgh, PA
Treatment Facilities95145
Inpatient Beds1,1001,600
Cost of Treatment$5,000/month$7,500/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and certified opioid treatment programs (OTPs) since 1947. As a full agonist, it activates opioid receptors enough to prevent withdrawals and reduce drug cravings without inducing a strong euphoric high. Views on methadone remain mixed, though it serves to medically stabilize recovery by substituting controlled dosing for risky illicit opioid use. Simply put, methadone provides therapeutic opioid effects to aid addiction treatment efforts.

Methadone Distribution

West Virginia closely governs methadone distribution operations including:

  1. Requiring at least 8 patient urine tests in the first year of treatment.
  2. Limiting initial take-home methadone supplies to 24 hours.
  3. Mandating OTPs utilize interprofessional teams overseeing dosing and care.
  4. Having clinicians cross-check the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program for informed methadone dosage adjustments considering its narrow therapeutic index.

West Virginia categorizes methadone as a Schedule II controlled substance, balancing its sanctioned medical purpose against potential for abuse and diversion.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Extensive evidence confirms methadone successfully reduces opioid misuse based on 33% fewer positive drug tests, boosts retention at over 4 times higher rates, and mitigates overdose, HIV, hepatitis C, and criminal risks by stabilizing patients in care. However, notable risks include diversion potential as a controlled medication, stopping abruptly causes severe withdrawal sickness, mixing sedatives increases overdose dangers, while cardiac issues rarely occur. High-quality research deems methadone equally effective as buprenorphine for decreasing illicit opioid use when properly managed. In summary, methadone has benefits yet requires vigilant oversight given associated risks.

About West Virginia

West Virginia is located in the southeastern United States, bordered by Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Maryland, and Virginia. Charleston is the state capital and largest city. West Virginia spans 24,078 square miles containing 55 counties. Major infrastructure includes Interstates 64, 68, 70, 77 and 79 along with the Yeager and Tri-State airports.

Population Statistics

The estimated total population of West Virginia equals about 1.8 million residents as of 2022.

Demographics indicate:

Gender: 51% female, 49% male

Age: 81% over 18 years old

  • 19% under 18
  • 20% over age 65


  • 27% management, business, science & arts
  • 14% both sales and service industry
  • 13% production, transportation
  • 12% education, healthcare
  • 9% maintenance, construction
  • 5% community services