Methadone Clinics in Corpus Christi

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Bay Area Care Center CARE3138 South Alameda Street Suite B Corpus Christi, TX 78404(361) 882-9602
Christus Spohn Hosp Corpus Christi Mem Behavioral Medicine Department2606 Hospital Boulevard Corpus Christi, TX 78405(361) 902-4006
South Texas Subst Abuse Recovery Servs (STSARS)907 Antelope Street, Corpus Christi, TX 78401(361) 882-9979
Toxicology Associates Inc5233 IH 37, Suite C-17, Corpus Christi, TX 78408(713) 541-3218

Rules and Regulations

Corpus Christi, Nueces County, Texas adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Texas Department of State Health Services.

Certification Procedures

Methadone clinics in Corpus Christi must complete certification through SAMHSA to dispense methadone for opioid addiction treatment. This involves inspections, personnel requirements, and compliance with operating regulations. Clinics must also register with the Texas Department of State Health Services.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

The benefits of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) with methadone include:

  • Reducing opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allowing people to focus on their health and recovery
  • Lowering the risk of overdose death
  • Improving social functioning

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide MAT to treat opioid use disorder. Patients receive daily supervised methadone doses to prevent withdrawal and reduce drug cravings without causing a high. The goal is to improve health and allow patients to focus on recovery. Counseling is also offered.

Insurance Coverage

Public and private insurance plans, including Medicaid and Medicare, may cover methadone treatment. Some clinics also offer payment assistance or reduced pricing for uninsured patients. Specific coverage depends on the provider and insurance plan. Those without insurance should ask clinics about options to make treatment affordable.

Drug Use in Corpus Christi

In 2017, the opioid crisis was declared a nationwide public health emergency. Since 1999, opioid overdoses have quadrupled, and opioid deaths have increased sixfold.

Statistics on Drug Overdoses and Deaths

  • In Texas, 2,983 people died from drug overdoses in 2020. This is a 43% increase from 2015.
  • Nueces County reported 59 overdose deaths in 2020. The age-adjusted rate per 100,000 was 19.4.
  • The most commonly detected substances in overdose deaths in Texas are fentanyl and methamphetamine.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment involves staying at a facility 24/7 for 1-3 months typically. It includes medical detox, counseling, group therapy, medication management, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment provides services for 4-8 hours a day, 3-5 days a week. It includes counseling, group therapy, medication management, and recovery support. Treatment is provided at clinics, hospitals, or private practices.

Treatment Level Unreported

Around 22% of treatment facilities do not report their care level. Estimates show a near-even split between inpatient, outpatient, and sober living services among unreported programs.

Comparison of Treatment in Corpus Christi vs. San Antonio

CriteriaCorpus ChristiSan Antonio
Treatment Facilities1567
Inpatient Beds180850
Cost of Treatment$15,000$25,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used as medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD). It binds to opioid receptors in the brain to prevent cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) involves daily dosing of methadone at opioid treatment programs (OTPs) under medical supervision. The principles of MMT are to normalize brain function, block the euphoric effects of illicit opioids, relieve physiological cravings, and allow patients to focus on recovery.

Societally, methadone treatment is controversial. Some view it as “trading one addiction for another.” However, research shows methadone helps patients recover functionality and improve health outcomes when properly managed. In layman’s terms, methadone stabilizes individuals struggling with opioid addiction so they can get their lives back on track.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is heavily regulated with strict protocols:

  • Urine testing: Patients must undergo at least eight random urine tests for illicit substances in the first year of MMT and at least quarterly thereafter. This monitors for illicit drug use and methadone diversion.
  • Take-home doses: During the first 90 days of treatment, methadone doses are only dispensed and consumed on-site at the OTP under observation. After 90 days of compliance, take-home doses can be earned for weekends or holidays. After 2 years of compliance, patients may earn a 14 or 30-day supply.
  • Oversight: OTPs must have an interprofessional team including medical, nursing, and counseling staff to coordinate care. State and federal agencies monitor OTP practices.
  • Prescription monitoring: Methadone providers should check state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to avoid dangerous drug interactions.

In Texas, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance with extra prescribing regulations.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone has been used to treat opioid addiction since 1947. Studies show MMT is an effective treatment for OUD. Meta-analyses indicate patients in MMT have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests and are 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment compared to placebo or no medication. Retention in methadone treatment is associated with reduced risk of overdose, HIV, and hepatitis C infection. It also increases employment opportunities.

However, methadone does carry risks if misused or diverted. As a full opioid agonist, methadone can be misused. Stopping suddenly can cause severe withdrawal. It can prolong the QT interval and require cardiac monitoring. Combining with other CNS depressants increases overdose risk via respiratory depression. Methadone also requires daily visits to an OTP which can be burdensome.

Research suggests methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for reducing illicit opioid use and retaining people in treatment. Both are recommended as first-line medications for OUD. However, careful patient selection, vigilant monitoring, and psychosocial support are critical to ensure patient safety and positive outcomes. In conclusion, methadone is a validated treatment for OUD but requires comprehensive management of benefits and risks.

About Corpus Christi

Corpus Christi is located in Nueces County in the state of Texas, United States. Texas borders the states of Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Mexico to the south and west.

Location, County & Neighboring States

  • Louisiana
  • Arkansas
  • Oklahoma
  • New Mexico
  • Mexico

The capital and largest city in Texas is Austin. Corpus Christi has a total land area of 460.2 square miles.

Infrastructure

Corpus Christi’s infrastructure includes a shipping port, oil refineries, and tourism along the Gulf of Mexico. The city is connected via Interstate 37 and U.S. Highways 44, 77, and 181. Corpus Christi International Airport provides air transportation.

Population Statistics

The total population of Corpus Christi is 326,586 as of the 2020 census.

Demographics

Gender

  • Male: 50.1%
  • Female: 49.9%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years old: 24.1%
  • 18 to 65 years old: 63.3%
  • Over 65 years old: 12.6%

Occupations

The most common occupations in Corpus Christi are management, sales, office/administrative roles, production, and food preparation/service roles. Healthcare, retail trade, and construction are also major industries.