Methadone Clinics in Killeen

Rules and Regulations

Killeen, Bell County, Texas, United States adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Certification Procedures

  • Methadone clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the DEA.
  • Staff must meet educational and licensing requirements.
  • Regular patient drug testing and counseling are mandated.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

  • Methadone relieves withdrawal and blocks the effects of opioids.
  • It allows people struggling with opioid addiction to regain stability and function normally.

Medication-assisted treatment has been shown to:

  • Reduce illicit opioid use
  • Decrease the risk of overdose
  • Lower transmission rates of HIV and hepatitis
  • Improve social functioning and retention in treatment

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment to help individuals overcome opioid addiction. Patients visit daily to receive methadone doses under medical supervision. The clinics offer counseling and behavioral therapies to support recovery.

Insurance Coverage

Many clinics accept Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance. Some clinics offer treatment on a sliding fee scale based on income for uninsured patients. Grant funding is available in some cases. Public and private insurance policies often cover a portion of methadone treatment costs.

Drug Use in Killeen

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. In Texas in 2020 there were 4,929 opioid-involved overdose deaths, a 33.3% increase from the previous year.

  • Bell County had an estimated drug overdose mortality rate of 14.9 per 100,000 residents in 2021 according to the National Center for Health Statistics. This ranks among the highest county rates in Texas.
  • The most commonly abused substances in Bell County and Killeen are alcohol, marijuana, prescription opioids, heroin, and methamphetamine according to the County Health Rankings report.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Typically 28-90 days length of stay
  • 24/7 medical monitoring and counseling
  • Detoxification, behavioral therapies, medication

Outpatient Treatment

  • 1-5 visits per week for counseling and therapy
  • Provided at clinics, private practices, etc.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated additional 5-10% of residents receive undisclosed addiction treatment per SAMHSA statistics.

Comparison of Treatment in Killeen vs. Waco

Treatment Centers1514
Inpatient Beds124216
Cost per Month$6,000$8,500

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs, also known as opioid treatment programs (OTPs), to treat opioid use disorder. It binds to opioid receptors and reduces cravings and withdrawal symptoms, allowing patients to focus on recovery.

Societal Perspectives on Methadone Treatment

Society has mixed opinions on methadone treatment. Some view it positively as an evidence-based medical treatment for addiction, while others see it as merely replacing one opioid with another or enabling continued drug use. Overall, research shows methadone is an effective component of addiction treatment when properly managed.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is highly regulated with monitoring requirements:

  • Urine testing: Patients must undergo at least eight random urine drug tests in the first year to detect continued drug use.
  • Take-home doses: For the first 14 days, take-home methadone is limited to a one-day supply, with gradual increases in take-homes allowed over time if patients meet requirements.
  • Oversight: Methadone clinics have an interprofessional team including counselors, social workers, and nurses to coordinate care.
  • Prescription monitoring: Clinicians should check the prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) database to ensure safe opioid dosage and prevent dangerous drug interactions.

In Killeen, Texas, methadone is a Schedule II controlled prescription substance with distribution overseen by federal and state agencies.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective MAT medication used since the 1960s.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Studies consistently show methadone treatment:

  • Reduces illicit opioid use (33% fewer positive tests)
  • Increases treatment retention (4.44 times more likely)
  • Lowers overdose death rate
  • Reduces disease transmission
  • Increases employment

Remaining in treatment is vital to reduce mortality risk and support recovery goals.

Major Drawbacks

Potential issues include:

  • Misuse/diversion of medication
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • Cardiac issues (QT prolongation)
  • Respiratory depression or overdose, especially if combined with other substances

Careful patient selection and monitoring help mitigate these risks.

Comparison to Other Medications

Methadone and buprenorphine are similarly effective in reducing illicit opioid use and enabling recovery.
When properly managed, methadone’s benefits outweigh the risks of treating opioid addiction. Oversight aims to ensure patient safety.

About Killeen

Killeen is located in Bell County, Texas, United States.

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Killeen is located in central Texas in Bell County
Neighboring states:
  • Oklahoma
  • New Mexico
  • Arkansas
  • Louisiana

Capital and Largest City

  • Capital of Texas: Austin
  • The largest city in Texas: Houston
  • Killeen is the largest city and county seat of Bell County

Land Area

The total area of Killeen is 55.2 square miles

Population Statistics

Total Population

As of 2021, the population of Killeen was over 151,000 residents.



  • Male: 51%
  • Female: 49%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 29%
  • 18 to 64 years: 62%
  • 65 years and over: 9%


  • Management, business, science, and arts occupations: 32%
  • Sales and office occupations: 27%
  • Service occupations: 18%
  • Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations: 13%
  • Production and transportation occupations: 10%