Methadone Clinics in San Antonio

Name rehabsAddressPhone
BHG San Antonio519 E Quincy Street San Antonio, Texas 78215(210) 299-1614
Center for Healthcare Services Central Outpatient Unit3031 IH 10 West San Antonio, TX 78201(210) 731-1320
Laurel Ridge Treatment Center17720 Corporate Woods Drive San Antonio, TX 78259(210) 491-94003512
MedMark Treatment Centers San Antonio7428 W Military Drive, Suite D San Antonio, TX 78227(210) 673-8111
Methodist Specialty/Transplant Hosp Inpatient Unit8026 Floyd Curl Drive San Antonio, TX 78229(210) 575-8110
Metro Treatment of Texas LP DBA San Antonio Treatment Center3701 West Commerce Street San Antonio, TX 78207(210) 434-0531
South Texas Outpatient Program For Substance Abuse (STOP SA LLC)3780 NW Loop 410 San Antonio, TX 78229(210) 736-4405

Rules and Regulations

San Antonio adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Certification Procedures

To be certified, clinics must meet various requirements related to organization, management, personnel, policies, and procedures. Clinics must comply with federal and state laws regarding controlled substances. Background checks are conducted on personnel.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Medication-assisted treatment with methadone has been shown to:

  • Reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms
  • Reduce cravings for opioids
  • Allow normalization of brain function
  • Allow patients to focus on recovery

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide daily doses of methadone to treat opioid use disorder. The medication blocks the euphoric effects of opioids, prevents withdrawal symptoms, and reduces cravings. The clinics offer counseling and other services to support recovery.

Insurance Coverage

Many private insurance plans and Medicaid cover methadone treatment. Some clinics offer treatment on a sliding fee scale based on income for those without coverage.

Drug Use in San Antonio

In 2017, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services declared the opioid crisis a public health emergency.

Statistics on drug overdoses and deaths:

  • In 2020, there were over 100,000 drug overdose deaths in the U.S., including over 4,000 in Texas.
  • In Bexar County, there were over 500 opioid-related deaths in 2021.

Opioids, especially synthetic opioids like fentanyl, remain the biggest driver of overdose deaths. Methamphetamine and cocaine deaths have also increased recently (statistics from state health department).

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Patients reside at the facility 24/7 for detox and programming, typically 30 days or longer. Treatment includes counseling, group therapy, and medication management.

Outpatient Treatment

Patients attend programs at the facility up to 5 days a week for several hours a day over a few months. Includes therapy, groups, and drug testing.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 10-20% of facilities do not report treatment level data (SAMHSA).

Comparison of Treatment in San Antonio vs. Austin

CityTreatment CentersInpatient BedsCost of Treatment
San Antonio1001,200$10,000-20,000
Austin150800$15,000-25,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and prevent withdrawal symptoms. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and blocking the euphoric effects of other opioids. Methadone is taken orally once daily in opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Methadone activates opioid receptors as an agonist, preventing painful withdrawal symptoms without providing a strong high. This allows people dependent on short-acting opioids like heroin to stabilize, stop using illegally, and focus on recovery. Methadone is only provided through monitored OTPs to reduce misuse risks. Patients take daily doses under supervision for months/years to sustain recovery.

Society has mixed opinions on methadone. Supporters see it as allowing functioning recovery for people unable to quit opioids. Critics view it as replacing one opioid for another. However, research shows methadone helps patients improve health, employment, and social functioning.

Methadone tricks the brain into thinking it’s still getting short-acting opioids, preventing withdrawal sickness. This gives time to rebuild a life without illegal drug use. It must be taken under supervision so it’s not misused or diverted.

Methadone Distribution

Description of monitoring and regulations:

  • Urine testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight tests in the first year of treatment to ensure no ongoing illegal drug use.
  • Take-home requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home supply of methadone is limited to a 24-hour supply. More take-home doses are allowed over time in treatment.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team of medical, counseling and social work staff monitoring patient progress.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference other opioid medications and dosages, as methadone has a narrow therapeutic index.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime when taken as prescribed through a monitored program.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Research shows participants on methadone maintenance treatment have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests. They are also 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment, which reduces mortality risk. Retention in methadone treatment is associated with lower overdose death rates, reduced HIV and hepatitis C transmission through injection drug use, and increased employment.

Major Drawbacks

However, methadone does carry risks including the potential for misuse/diversion due to its opioid activity. Withdrawal symptoms after stopping methadone suddenly are more severe than with other opioids. Some patients develop QTc prolongation or other cardiac issues. Respiratory depression and overdose can occur if methadone is taken with alcohol, benzodiazepines, or other sedatives.

Comparison to Other Medications

Research shows methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for reducing illicit opioid use when provided in monitored settings.

In conclusion, methadone maintenance therapy has demonstrated benefits but also unique risks requiring careful management under medical supervision.

About San Antonio

Location, Bexar County & Neighboring States

San Antonio is located in Bexar County in the U.S. state of Texas. Texas borders the states of New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana.

Capital and Largest City

Austin is the capital of Texas while Houston is the largest city.

Land Area

Texas covers 268,597 square miles (696,241 km2), making it the second-largest U.S. state by total area.

Infrastructure

San Antonio is a city with local government and public services.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population of San Antonio to be 1,547,253 as of 2021, making it the second most populous city in Texas and the seventh most populous city in the United States.

Demographics

Gender

According to the 2020 U.S. Census, 49.8% of the population identify as male and 50.2% identify as female.

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 24.6%
  • 18 to 64 years: 62.7%
  • 65 years and over: 12.7%

Occupations

  • Management, business, science, and arts occupations: 32.8%
  • Service occupations: 20.3%
  • Sales and office occupations: 24.3%
  • Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations: 12.9%
  • Production, transportation, and material moving occupations: 9.7%