Methadone Clinics in Huntsville

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Crestwood Medical Center of Huntsville Behavioral Services1 Hospital Drive Huntsville, AL 35801(256) 880-4260
Huntsville Metro Treatment Center2227 Drake Avenue Suite 19 Huntsville, AL 35805(256) 881-1311
Huntsville Recovery Inc4040 Independence Avenue, Huntsville, AL 35816(256) 721-1940

Rules and Regulations

Huntsville and Madison County, Alabama adhere to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, as outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Alabama State Board of Medical Examiners.

Certification Procedures

Methadone clinics undergo rigorous certification procedures including background checks, training standards, and compliance reviews. Staff must complete comprehensive education programs focused on addiction medicine, counseling, and social services. Facilities must meet security, health, and safety codes. Regular government inspections enforce regulations.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Methadone and other medication-assisted treatments benefit individuals dependent on opioids. Benefits include:

  • Reducing unsafe/illegal drug use and associated criminal behavior
  • Improving health and social functioning
  • Lowering the risk of overdose and death
  • Supporting long-term recovery

Clinic Operation and Purpose

Certified methadone clinics provide medication, counseling, case management, and referrals under medical supervision. The purpose is to guide patients toward recovery and improved well-being. Clinics often offer both methadone and other medication options like buprenorphine. Additional services may include crisis assistance, infectious disease testing, and community referrals.

Insurance Coverage

Public and private insurance plans generally cover methadone treatment to some extent, with possible copay or limitations. Low-income individuals may qualify for free or reduced-cost treatment through Medicaid and federal grant programs. Those without insurance can inquire about sliding-scale fees based on income. Coverage details vary by clinic.

Drug Use in Huntsville

The opioid crisis was declared a public health emergency in the United States in 2017. Here are some key statistics on drug use and treatment in Huntsville, Madison County, and Alabama:

  • In 2017, there were 756 overdose deaths involving opioids in Alabama – a rate of 15.8 deaths per 100,000 persons compared to 14.6 nationally.

The most commonly cited drugs among primary treatment admissions in Alabama in 2017 included:

  • Alcohol (36.6%)
  • Methamphetamine (24.4%)
  • Marijuana (22.5%)
  • Heroin (14.4%)
  • Other opiates (9.4%)

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment involves staying at a facility 24/7 for 1-3 months typically. It includes medical detoxification, counseling, group therapy, medication management, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment involves visiting a facility up to several times per week for counseling, group therapy, and medication management. It allows the patient to live at home.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 10-20% of people with substance use disorders in Huntsville receive some form of treatment, based on national data. Many more do not seek or receive any treatment.

Comparison of Treatment in Huntsville vs. Birmingham

CityTreatment FacilitiesInpatient BedsCost of Treatment

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs to treat opioid use disorder (OUD). It works by binding to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone is taken orally once daily at opioid treatment programs (OTPs) also known as methadone clinics. The medication blocks the euphoric effects of other opioids.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is highly regulated with strict eligibility criteria. Patients must undergo regular urine drug screening and counseling. During the first 90 days, patients must visit the clinic daily for their dose. After 90 days of compliance, take-home doses can be approved gradually.

  • Urine Testing: Patients must undergo at least 8 urine tests in the first year to detect illicit drug use. Positive tests can lead to dosage changes or loss of take-home privileges.
  • Take-Home Doses: For the first 14 days, only a 24-hour methadone supply is allowed. After 2 years of compliance, 27 take-home doses are permitted monthly.
  • Monitoring: Methadone clinics have an interprofessional team of doctors, nurses, and counselors to monitor progress.
  • Prescription Drug Monitoring: Clinicians should review state PDMP data to ensure safe opioid dosage and prevent dangerous drug interactions.

In Huntsville, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance with strict regulations on prescribing and dispensing.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness

Methadone maintenance therapy has been used to treat opioid addiction since 1947. Studies show it is an effective treatment for OUD when paired with counseling.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Multiple studies demonstrate methadone reduces opioid use, criminal activity, disease transmission, and overdose death compared to no treatment. It improves treatment retention. Patients on MAT have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests versus patients with no medication. Methadone patients are 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment. Treatment retention reduces disease transmission risks and increases employment opportunities.

Major Drawbacks

Methadone does carry risks including potential for misuse and diversion. Abrupt discontinuation can cause severe withdrawal. It can prolong the QT interval on ECGs and cause cardiac issues in some patients. It depresses respiration so overdose can occur when combined with alcohol or benzos.

Comparison to Other Medications

Research shows methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for treating OUD and reducing illicit opioid use.

Methadone is beneficial but requires careful monitoring and management due to risks.

About Huntsville

Huntsville is located in Madison County in northern Alabama, United States. Madison County borders Tennessee to the north and the following Alabama counties: Jackson, Limestone, and Morgan.

Location, Madison County & Neighboring States

  • Madison County, Alabama
  • Bordered by Tennessee to the north

Neighboring Alabama counties:

  • Jackson
  • Limestone
  • Morgan

Capital and Largest City

  • Montgomery is the capital of Alabama
  • Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama
  • Huntsville is the county seat of Madison County

Land Area

Huntsville has a total area of 210.0 square miles


  • Interstate 565 and Highway 72 serve as major traffic arteries in Huntsville
  • Huntsville International Airport (HSV) offers commercial airline service
  • Public transit includes bus service through the Huntsville Public Transit

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Huntsville is 215,006 as of 2020



  • Male: 49.5%
  • Female: 50.5%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 22.4%
  • 18 to 64 years: 62.5%
  • 65 years and over: 15.1%


  • Management, business, science, and arts occupations: 43.3%
  • Sales and office occupations: 26.8%
  • Service occupations: 15.9%
  • Production, transportation, and material moving occupations: 14.0%