Methadone Clinics in Arley

Rules and Regulations

Arley, Winston County, Alabama, United States adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Clinics must be certified and accredited to prescribe methadone for opioid addiction treatment.

Certification Procedures

Methadone clinics must complete the following to receive certification:

  • Obtain a license from SAMHSA to dispense methadone
  • Register with the DEA
  • Follow regulations for security, counseling requirements, etc.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Methadone maintenance therapy provides the following benefits:

  • Reduces opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allows patients to focus on recovery and rehabilitation
  • Decreases the risk of overdose and transmission of diseases like HIV/AIDS
  • Improves patient health and social functioning

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide daily supervised methadone doses and counseling to help patients recover from opioid addiction. The medication relieves withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings without producing euphoria. Clinics start patients on low doses and increase gradually to determine the optimal maintenance dose.

Insurance Coverage

Public and private insurance, including Medicaid and Medicare, typically cover methadone treatment. Some clinics operate as free or low-cost options for uninsured patients. Grants and public funding may also subsidize treatment costs. Patients should check with individual clinics about payment options.

Drug Use in Arley

The opioid crisis has been declared a public health emergency in the United States. According to the CDC, there were over 100,000 drug overdose deaths in 2021, with synthetic opioids like fentanyl being the primary driver.

  • In Alabama, there were 1,109 overdose deaths involving opioids in 2020. This is a 45% increase from 2019.
  • The drugs most commonly involved in overdose deaths in Alabama are fentanyl and methamphetamine.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment involves staying at a facility 24/7 for 1-3 months typically. It includes medical detox, counseling, group therapy, medication management, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment involves periodic services for 1-2 hours at a time, 1-3 days per week typically. It includes counseling, group therapy, medication management, and recovery support.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 10-20% of those receiving treatment do not report the level, but likely receive a mix of inpatient and outpatient services.

Comparison of Treatment in Arley vs. Birmingham

Treatment Facilities220
Inpatient Beds50500
Cost of Treatment$10,000$15,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. It activates opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone is taken orally once daily in supervised opioid treatment programs (OTPs). It allows patients to function normally without the negative effects of illicit opioid use.

While an effective treatment, methadone does have risks like any medication if misused or combined with other substances. Careful monitoring and oversight are critical parts of methadone maintenance therapy.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is highly regulated to prevent misuse and diversion:

  • Urine Testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight random urine tests in the first year of treatment to detect illicit drug use.
  • Take-Home Requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home methadone supply is limited to a one-day dose. More take-home doses may be allowed over time for stable patients showing progress.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs have an interprofessional team including physicians, nurses, and counselors to monitor patient progress.
  • Prescription Drug Monitoring: Clinicians should review state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully manage methadone dosage, as it has a narrow therapeutic window.

The state of Alabama classifies methadone as a Schedule II controlled substance. In Winston County, methadone may only be dispensed through approved OTPs with proper accreditation and DEA registration.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission through injection, and drug-related crime. Patients on MAT have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests and are 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment compared to non-medication approaches. Retention in treatment reduces overdose risk, HIV/HCV transmission from sharing needles, and increases employment.

However, methadone does carry risks including potential for misuse/diversion, severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly, QTc prolongation/cardiac issues, and respiratory depression/overdose when combined with benzodiazepines or other central nervous system depressants. Methadone requires careful patient selection and monitoring to maximize benefits and reduce harms. It is equally effective as buprenorphine for reducing illicit opioid use in clinical trials.

In conclusion, methadone maintenance therapy can provide substantial benefits for treating opioid addiction but also has significant risks requiring careful oversight and management.

About Arley

Location, Winston County, Neighboring States

Arley is located in Winston County in northwest Alabama. Winston County borders the states of Mississippi to the west and Tennessee to the north.

Capital and Largest City

Montgomery is the capital and largest city in Alabama.

Land Area

The land area of Arley is estimated to be 3.99 square miles.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Arley was 290 at the 2010 census.


  • Male: 47.6%
  • Female: 52.4%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 20.7%
  • 18 to 64 years: 53.4%
  • 65 years and over: 25.9%


  • Management, professional and related occupations: 24.6%
  • Service occupations: 18.8%
  • Sales and office occupations: 16.7%
  • Production, transportation, and material moving occupations: 21.2%
  • Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations: 10.2%
  • Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations: 3.5%