Methadone Clinics in Seattle

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Alpine Recovery Services1207 North 200th Street Suite 104 Seattle, WA 98133(206) 542-1136
Evergreen Treatment Services Unit 11700 Airport Way South, Seattle, WA 98134(206) 223-3644
Evergreen Treatment Services Unit 21740 Airport Way South, Seattle, WA 98134(206) 223-3644
Evergreen Treatment Services Unit 31718 Airport Way South, Seattle, WA 98134(206) 223-3644
Evergreen Treatment Services Unit 11700 Airport Way South Seattle, WA 98134(206) 223-3644
Evergreen Treatment Services Unit 21740 Airport Way South Seattle, WA 98134(206) 223-3644
Evergreen Treatment Services Unit 31718 Airport Way South Seattle, WA 98134(206) 223-3644
Harborview Medical Ctr Addictions Prog401 Broadway Avenue Seattle, WA 98104(206) 744-9600
Recovery Centers of King County Detoxification Facility1701 18th Avenue South Seattle, WA 98144(206) 325-5000
Schick Shadel Hospital Substance Abuse Program12101 Ambaum Boulevard SW Seattle, WA 98146(206) 244-8100

Rules and Regulations

Seattle adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and Washington State Department of Health.

Certification Procedures

Methadone clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the state health department. Certification requires adhering to regulations on medication dispensing, counseling services, patient rights, and record keeping. Clinics must renew licenses annually.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Benefits of methadone maintenance treatment include:

  • Reducing opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allowing patients to focus on recovery and lifestyle changes
  • Lowering the risk of overdose and transmitting infections

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide daily supervised methadone doses and counseling to those recovering from opioid addiction. The medication relieves withdrawal symptoms for 24-36 hours, allowing patients to function normally without euphoria or sedation. Counseling helps patients change behaviors and cope with triggers.

Insurance Coverage

Many clinics accept Medicaid and private insurance. Uninsured patients pay a daily fee based on income.

Free Clinics

Some nonprofit clinics offer free treatment based on patient financial need. These rely on grants and public funding to operate. Publicly funded clinics often have waitlists.

Drug Use in Seattle

The opioid crisis has been declared a public health emergency in Washington. Key statistics:

  • Drug overdoses caused 1,174 deaths in 2020 in Washington
  • Opioids are involved in over 75% of these
  • Heroin and fentanyl are the most common

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient facilities offer 24/7 care and monitoring. Typical stays range from 28-90 days. Services include medical stabilization, counseling, group therapy, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient programs provide services for 4-8 hours per day, 3-7 days per week. Locations are available across King County. Services include therapy, support groups, and case management.

Treatment Level Unreported

Many who could benefit from treatment do not seek it out. Reasons include cost, availability, and social stigma. Estimates suggest only 10-15% of those with a substance use disorder receive specialty treatment.

Comparison of Treatment in Seattle vs. Portland

CategorySeattlePortland
Treatment centers28598
Inpatient beds1,720850
Cost of treatment$15,000/mo$10,000/mo

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and dependence. As medication-assisted treatment (MAT), methadone helps prevent opioid withdrawal and reduces drug cravings by activating opioid receptors in the brain similarly to other opioid drugs. In an opioid treatment program (OTP), daily doses of methadone are provided under medical supervision and with counseling to help patients avoid misuse of opioids.

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed. While it does help many people recover from opioid addiction, some view it as merely replacing one addiction with another. However, research shows that properly monitored methadone treatment is safe and effective.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is highly regulated with strict monitoring requirements:

  • Urine testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight random drug tests in the first year of treatment to detect any unauthorized drug use.
  • Take-home requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home supply of methadone is limited to just a 24-hour dose. After 90 days of compliant treatment, patients may earn one take-home dose per week, gradually increasing over time with continued progress.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team including medical, counseling, and social work staff to coordinate care.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference any other prescribed opioids with methadone dosage, as it has a narrow therapeutic index.

In Seattle/King County and the state of Washington, methadone is a Schedule II controlled prescription drug, with special regulations around distribution through certified OTPs.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder that has been used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission through injection, and drug-related crime. Patients on methadone maintenance have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests. They are also 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment, which reduces overdose risk and infectious disease transmission while increasing employment opportunities.

However, methadone does carry risks including potential for misuse/diversion, severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly, QTc prolongation and cardiac issues, and respiratory depression/overdose when combined with other sedatives. A comparison of research shows it is equally as effective as buprenorphine for reducing opioid use.

Still, with careful medical management, methadone’s benefits outweigh its risks for many patients with opioid use disorder.

About Seattle

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Seattle is located in King County in the U.S. state of Washington. Washington borders Oregon to the south, Idaho to the east, the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

Capital and Largest City

Seattle is the largest city in the U.S. state of Washington and the county seat of King County.

Land Area

King County has a total land area of 2,307 square miles.

Infrastructure

Seattle is a large city with small local government and public services.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The total population of Seattle is 737,015 as of 2020. The total population of King County is 2,252,782 as of 2020.

Demographics

Gender

  • Male: 49.4%
  • Female: 50.6%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 15.6%
  • 18 to 64 years: 69.8%
  • 65 years and over: 14.6%

Occupations

  • Management, business, science, and arts occupations: 61.2%
  • Service occupations: 16.9%
  • Sales and office occupations: 15.5%
  • Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations: 5.5%
  • Production, transportation, and material moving occupations: 5.5%