Washington Methadone Clinics & Treatment Centers in Washington County

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Good Hope Institute1320 Good Hope Road SE, Washington, DC 20020(202) 610-1886
Partners in Drug Abuse Rehabilitation and Counseling (PIDARC)2112 F Street NW, Suite 102, Washington, DC 20037(202) 296-44553202
Psychiatric Institute of Washington4228 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016(202) 885-5600
UPO Comprehensive Treatment Center33 N Street NE, 2nd Floor, Washington, DC 20002(202) 682-65996588

Rules and Regulations

Washington, District of Columbia, United States adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

Certification Procedures

Methadone clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the DEA. Clinics must follow federal and state regulations for dispensing methadone as medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder. Staff must be properly trained and facilities must meet safety and health standards.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

  • Reduces opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allows people to gain control over their opioid use disorder
  • Improves health and wellness
  • Lowers risk of overdose
  • Supports reintegration into society

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment to people diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Clinics dispense methadone, a long-acting opioid agonist, to help manage withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings. Clinics also offer counseling and behavioral therapies. The goal is to help people achieve sobriety and improve health.

Insurance Coverage

  • Many clinics accept Medicaid and private insurance. Some clinics operate on a sliding scale based on income for uninsured patients.
  • There are some government and nonprofit clinics that provide services free of charge to qualifying low-income individuals.

Drug Use in Washington

Opioid Crisis Declared Public Health Emergency

In 2017, the opioid epidemic was declared a public health emergency in Washington D.C.

Statistics on Drug Overdoses and Deaths

  • In 2020, there were 486 drug overdose deaths in Washington D.C., a 5% increase from 2019.
  • The overdose death rate was 69.3 per 100,000 persons in 2020.
  • Opioids were involved in 76% of all overdose deaths.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment involves staying at a facility 24/7 for 1-3 months typically. Procedures include detoxification, counseling, group therapy, medication management, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment involves periodic services for 1-2 hours 1-5 days a week. Services are provided at clinics, hospitals, or private practices.

Treatment Level Unreported

Around 19% of treatment facilities did not report their treatment level in 2020. Estimates suggest a mix of inpatient, outpatient, and residential services.

Comparison of Treatment in Washington D.C. vs. Baltimore

CriteriasWashington D.C.Baltimore
Treatment facilities81123
Inpatient beds available8651,345
Cost of treatment$10,000-$20,000$5,000-$15,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

  • Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and prevent withdrawal symptoms. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and blocking the euphoric effects of illicit opioids.
  • As medication-assisted treatment (MAT), methadone is dispensed through opioid treatment programs (OTPs) that provide counseling and require frequent monitoring to promote recovery.

Societal Perspectives on Methadone Treatment

Methadone maintenance faces stigma as simply substituting one opioid for another, but research shows it helps stabilize individuals in treatment programs promoting rehabilitation.

Explanation in Layman’s Terms

Methadone tricks the brain receptors into thinking they are getting the abused opioids. This stops cravings and withdrawal symptoms. The steady dose of methadone stabilizes patients, allowing them to focus on counseling and recovery without having to seek out illicit opioids.

Methadone Distribution

  • Urine testing: Patients must undergo at least 8 random tests in the first year to detect any ongoing illicit drug use.
  • Take-home requirements: For the first 14 days, only a 24-hour methadone supply can be taken home. More take-home doses are allowed over time if patients have negative drug tests.
  • Oversight team: Methadone clinics have an interprofessional team including counselors, social workers, doctors, nurses, and administrators monitoring each patient’s progress.
  • Prescription tracking: Doctors should review their state’s prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to ensure safe methadone dosage and prevent dangerous drug interactions.

Washington DC classifies methadone as a Schedule II controlled substance, available legally only through OTPs for treating opioid dependence. Illicit use remains a criminal offense.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone has been used to treat opioid addiction since 1947. Studies have shown methadone MAT to be an effective treatment approach.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Studies show participation in methadone treatment correlates with:

  • 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests
  • 4.44 times higher likelihood of staying in treatment
  • Lower rates of disease transmission from reduced injection opioid use
  • Increased employment rates

Staying in treatment reduces mortality risk from overdose and related medical conditions.

Major Drawbacks

  • Potential for misuse/diversion of medication
  • Severe withdrawal if tapered too quickly
  • Risk of QTc prolongation arrhythmia
  • Respiratory depression and overdose when combined with other substances

Comparison to Other Medications

Methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective in reducing illicit opioid use.

Methadone MAT has demonstrated benefits but also risks requiring careful management.

About Washington

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Washington, D.C. is a federal district located along the Potomac River between the states of Maryland and Virginia. It is not part of any U.S. state or county. The neighboring states are:

  • Maryland
  • Virginia

Capital and Largest City

Washington, D.C. serves as the capital of the United States and is also the largest city in the district.

Land Area

The total land area of Washington, D.C. is 61 square miles.

Infrastructure

  • Public transportation system consisting of metro buses, trains, streetcars, and more
  • 3 airports (Reagan National, Dulles International, Baltimore-Washington International)
  • Many federal government buildings and monuments

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Washington, D.C. is approximately 712,000 residents.

Gender

  • Male: 46%
  • Female: 54%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 18%
  • 18 to 65 years: 67%
  • Over 65 years: 15%

Occupations

Most common occupations include office and administrative roles, education, training, and library roles, and management roles. Other common jobs are in the fields of business, science, arts, sales, healthcare, production, and transportation.