Methadone Clinics in Johnston City

Rules and Regulations

Johnston City, Williamson County, Illinois, United States adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Clinics must be certified and accredited to prescribe methadone for opioid addiction treatment.

Certification Procedures

To be certified, methadone clinics must:

  • Be accredited by an authorized accreditation body like CARF, JCAHO, or COA.
  • Meet standards for medication dispensing, counseling, patient admission criteria, and record keeping.
  • Have qualified and credentialed staff including a program physician, nurses, and counselors.
  • Maintain diversion control plans to prevent misuse of methadone.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Methadone maintenance treatment provides:

  • Reduced opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Decreased risk of overdose and transmission of diseases like HIV or hepatitis.
  • Improved social functioning and employment opportunities.

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide daily supervised methadone dosing and counseling to treat opioid addiction. The goal is to help patients gain control over addiction and work towards recovery and improved well-being.

Insurance Coverage

Most private insurance plans and Medicaid cover methadone treatment. Some clinics offer sliding scale fees or arrangements based on income. Grants and public funding may also be available for uninsured patients.

Drug Use in Johnston City

The opioid crisis was declared a public health emergency in the United States in 2017.

Statistics on drug overdoses and deaths:

  • In 2020, there were 93,331 overdose deaths reported in the United States, including 1,386 in Illinois.
  • The overdose death rate in Illinois is 11.0 per 100,000, compared to 28.3 per 100,000 nationwide.
  • The most commonly involved drugs in overdose deaths are synthetic opioids (primarily fentanyl), heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment involves staying at a rehab facility for 24/7 care and monitoring. Typical stays range from 30 to 90 days. Services include medical detox, behavioral therapies, group counseling, medications, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment provides services while the individual lives at home. It typically involves 3-5 hours of treatment 3 days per week. Services are similar to inpatient but less intensive.

Treatment Level Unreported

It is estimated that only 10.6% of people with a drug use disorder receive specialty treatment per year. Many rely on general physicians or emergency rooms or do not seek treatment.

Comparison of Treatment in Johnston City vs. Carbondale

CategoriesJohnston CityCarbondale
Treatment facilities25
Inpatient beds available1645
Cost of 30 days inpatient$15,000$25,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs, also known as opioid treatment programs (OTPs). It binds to opioid receptors and reduces cravings and withdrawal symptoms, allowing patients to focus on recovery.

Societal Perspectives on Methadone Treatment

Methadone treatment is controversial, with some viewing it as trading one addiction for another. However, research shows MAT with methadone is an evidence-based treatment for opioid use disorder. When properly monitored, it can be safe and effective.

Methadone Distribution

Monitoring and Regulations

  • Urine Testing: Patients must undergo at least 8 tests in the first treatment year to ensure appropriate use.
  • Take-Home Requirements: For the first 14 days, take-home methadone is limited to a 24-hour supply. After progress in treatment, additional take-homes may be allowed.
  • Monitoring: OTPs should have an interprofessional team overseeing dosing and monitoring.
  • Prescription Drug Monitoring: Clinicians should review PDMP data to carefully coordinate methadone doses, as it has a narrow therapeutic window.

Johnston City Drug Classifications:

  • Cannabis – Decriminalized
  • Cocaine – Schedule II
  • Heroin – Schedule I
  • Methamphetamine – Schedule II

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime:

  • 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests
  • 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment
  • Retention in treatment reduces overdose/disease transmission risk and increases employment

Major Drawbacks

  • Potential for misuse/diversion
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • Possible QTc prolongation/cardiac issues
  • Respiratory depression/overdose risk when combined with other substances

Comparison to Other Medications

Equally effective as buprenorphine for reducing opioid use

Benefits but also risks requiring careful management

About Johnston City

Location, Williamson County & Neighboring States

Johnston City is located in Williamson County in southern Illinois. Williamson County borders the states of Indiana and Kentucky.

Capital and Largest City

The capital and largest city in Illinois is Springfield.

Land Area

The land area of Johnston City is approximately 2.9 square miles.


  • Roads: Main roads include Route 37 and Route 148.
  • Rail: Johnston City has a railway station on the Amtrak line.
  • Air: The nearest airport is Williamson County Regional Airport.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Johnston City is around 2,400 people.


  • Male: 51%
  • Female: 49%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 20%
  • 18 to 65 years: 53%
  • Over 65 years: 27%


  • Mining, oil, and gas extraction: 34%
  • Healthcare and social assistance: 12%
  • Retail trade: 11%
  • Education services: 10%
  • Manufacturing: 9%