Methadone Clinics in Boise

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Center for Behavioral Health Idaho Inc92 South Cole Road, Boise, ID 83709(208) 376-5021
Intermountain Hospital of Boise303 North Allumbaugh Street Boise, ID 83704(208) 377-8400
Raise the Bottom Training and Counseling Services9196 W. Barnes St., Boise, ID 83709(208) 433-0400

Rules and Regulations

Boise, Ada County, Idaho, United States adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the State of Idaho and the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Methadone clinics must be certified and licensed to operate legally.

Certification Procedures

To become certified, a methadone clinic must submit an application and fees to the State of Idaho. The clinic must meet requirements related to security, counseling services, staff credentials, and record keeping. Clinics must also register with the DEA.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

  • Reduces opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allows stabilization and normalization of brain function
  • Supports compliance with treatment programs
  • Decreases risks like overdose and blood-borne illnesses

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment (MAT) to individuals with opioid use disorder. Patients visit daily to receive methadone doses under medical supervision. The clinics offer counseling and behavioral therapies to help manage addictions. The ultimate purpose is to help patients achieve sobriety and improve health.

Insurance Coverage

  • Medicaid covers methadone treatment in Idaho.
  • Private insurers like Blue Cross may cover treatment but often require high co-pays or pre-authorization.
  • Some clinics offer affordable self-pay options.

Free Clinics

Several nonprofit clinics offer free or low-cost methadone services based on income qualifications. These play a vital role in improving access to addiction treatment.

Drug Use in Boise

Opioid crisis declared public health emergency:

  • Overdose deaths in Idaho involving opioids increased almost 2-fold from 2013 to 2017, from 5.3 to 9.7 deaths per 100,000 persons (CDC).
  • In 2017, there were 130 overdose deaths involving opioids in Idaho — a rate of 8.4 deaths per 100,000 persons. This is lower than the national rate of 14.6 deaths per 100,000 persons (CDC).

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment involves staying at a facility 24/7 for 1-3 months. It includes medical detox, counseling, group therapy, medication management, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment involves periodic services for 1-2 hours 2-5 days per week. It includes counseling, group therapy, medication management, and recovery support.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 10-20% of Idahoans with a substance use disorder do not report their treatment level based on national data (SAMHSA).

Comparison of Treatment in Boise vs. Spokane

CategoriesBoiseSpokane
Treatment facilities2535
Inpatient beds available150200
Cost of treatment$10,000-$30,000$15,000-$40,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a synthetic opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone is taken orally once daily in supervised opioid treatment programs (OTPs). It allows patients to function normally without the negative effects of illicit opioid use.

Methadone’s effects last 24-36 hours, so it can be taken once daily. It does not provide the same euphoria or sedation as illicit opioids when taken as prescribed. Methadone maintenance therapy follows harm reduction principles – reducing the health/social risks of addiction without requiring abstinence.

Many still view methadone negatively as “trading one addiction for another.” However, studies show MAT with methadone improves outcomes and saves lives. Methadone enables stabilized opioid use, employment, and harm reduction when properly monitored.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is strictly regulated with required monitoring to prevent misuse and diversion:

  • Urine Testing: Patients must undergo at least 8 random urine tests for illicit drugs in the first year of treatment and at least quarterly thereafter.
  • Take-Home Doses: For the first 14 days, methadone doses must be consumed on-site at the OTP daily. After 90 days of compliance, take-home doses up to a 14-day supply are allowed.
  • Oversight: OTPs must have an interdisciplinary team including a medical director, counselors, nurses, and administrative staff monitoring treatment progress.
  • Prescription Drug Monitoring: Clinicians should review PDMP data before increasing methadone dosage due to overdose risk from methadone’s narrow therapeutic window.

In Idaho, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance, available only through DEA-registered OTPs. Illicit use is a felony.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime when used in supervised MAT programs.

Evidence for Effectiveness

In studies, methadone maintenance resulted in 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests versus no medication. Patients on methadone were 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment. Retention reduces overdose risk, HIV/HCV transmission, and unemployment.

Major Drawbacks

Methadone does have risks including potential for misuse/diversion, severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly, QTc prolongation, and respiratory depression/overdose when combined with benzodiazepines or alcohol. Careful patient monitoring is essential.

Comparison to Other Medications

Research shows methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for reducing illicit opioid use and retaining patients in treatment.

Methadone is beneficial for treating opioid addiction but also has risks requiring careful oversight and monitoring.

About Boise

Location, County & Neighboring States

Boise is the capital and most populous city in Idaho. It is located in southwest Idaho in Ada County. Idaho shares borders with six states: Washington to the west, Oregon to the northwest, Nevada to the southeast, Utah to the south, Wyoming to the east, and Montana to the northeast.

Capital and Largest City

Boise is the capital and most populous city in Idaho.

Land Area

Boise has a total area of 80.05 square miles.

Infrastructure

  • Boise is home to Boise State University and the Albertsons headquarters. The Boise Airport provides air transportation.
  • Major highways serving Boise include I-84, I-184, US 20, US 26, US 30, SH-21, SH-55.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Boise was 228,790 as of 2019.

Demographics

Gender

  • Male: 49.7%
  • Female: 50.3%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 22.4%
  • 18 to 64 years: 64.3%
  • 65 years and over: 13.3%

Occupations

  • Management, business, science, arts: 39.3%
  • Sales and office: 24.2%
  • Service: 17.2%
  • Production, transportation, material moving: 11.5%