Methadone Clinics in Salmon

Rules and Regulations

Salmon, Lemhi County, Idaho, United States adhere to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

Certification Procedures

Methadone clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and accredited by an independent body approved by SAMHSA. Clinics must follow federal and state regulations for dispensing methadone as an opioid addiction treatment. Staff must be licensed and trained appropriately.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

  • Reduces opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allows individuals to focus on counseling and behavioral therapies
  • Lowers risk of overdose and transmitting diseases
  • Improves overall health and social functioning

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment (MAT) to help individuals recovering from opioid addiction. Patients receive methadone doses daily under medical supervision. The clinics offer counseling and behavioral therapies to support recovery. The ultimate purpose is to help patients achieve sobriety and improved health.

Insurance Coverage

  • Medicaid and Medicare may cover methadone treatment
  • Private insurers often cover treatment but plans vary
  • Some clinics offer treatment on a sliding fee scale based on income
  • Grants and public funding may be available for uninsured patients

Drug Use in Salmon

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. According to the Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, in 2020 there were over 300 drug overdose deaths statewide. The most commonly reported substances involved were:

  • Opioids – 65%
  • Methamphetamine – 42%
  • Other stimulants – 26%

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Typical length of stay is 28 days
  • Services include medical detoxification, counseling, group therapy, medication management

Outpatient Treatment

  • 1-2 visits per week for counseling, therapy, group support
  • Provided at local clinics and rehab centers

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 30-40% of Idaho residents needing addiction treatment do not report treatment level

Comparison of Treatment in Salmon vs. Idaho Falls

CityTreatment FacilitiesInpatient Beds AvailableApprox. Cost of Treatment
Salmon, ID220$5000-10000 per month
Idaho Falls, ID10100$7000-15000 per month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a synthetic opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. It is taken orally once daily and binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is provided through opioid treatment programs (OTPs) that offer counseling and support services in addition to dispensing methadone under strict federal and state regulations.

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed. While MMT has proven effective in treating addiction and reducing crime, some view it as merely replacing one opioid with another. However, methadone allows patients to function normally and improve their health when properly managed. It should be explained in layman’s terms as a medication that relieves withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings by acting on the same brain receptors as opioids, allowing people to focus on recovery.

Methadone Distribution

OTPs monitor methadone dosage and usage carefully:

  • Urine testing: Patients must undergo at least eight random drug tests in the first year of treatment to ensure methadone is present and additional or illicit drugs are not.
  • Take-home requirements: For the first 14 days, the take-home methadone supply is limited to a single daily dose. As patients demonstrate progress, take-homes gradually increase to a maximum 30-day supply for stable patients.
  • Monitoring: An interprofessional team including physicians, nurses, and counselors provides ongoing assessment and support.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should routinely review state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data when titrating methadone doses, as it has a narrow therapeutic window and overdose risk.

Methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance in Idaho. The city of Salmon lies in Lemhi County, which had a methadone prescription rate of 1.4 per 100 persons in 2020 according to PDMP data, below the statewide average of 2.7.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder that has been used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and criminal activity when properly managed in a treatment program.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Multiple studies demonstrate methadone’s benefits for individuals addicted to opioids:

  • Patients on MMT have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests.
  • MMT patients are 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment compared to non-medication approaches.
  • Retention in treatment reduces the risk of overdose and disease transmission while increasing rates of employment.

Major Drawbacks

However, methadone does carry some risks:

  • Potential for misuse/diversion if not closely monitored
  • Severe withdrawal if tapered too quickly
  • Possibility of QTc prolongation or cardiac issues
  • Increased overdose danger when combined with alcohol or benzos

Comparison to Other Medications

Research shows methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for reducing illicit opioid use when used as prescribed.

Methadone is beneficial but also requires careful oversight and management.

About Salmon

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Salmon is located in Lemhi County in east-central Idaho. It is the county seat of Lemhi County. Idaho is bordered by the states of Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington.

Capital and Largest City

Salmon is the capital and largest city in Lemhi County.

Land Area

The land area of Salmon is 2.85 square miles.


Key infrastructure in Salmon includes:

  • Salmon Municipal Airport
  • U.S. Highway 93
  • Sacajawea Historical Area
  • Salmon River

Population Statistics

Total Population

The total population of Salmon is 3,112 as of the 2010 census.


The gender breakdown is 50.5% male and 49.5% female.

Age Brackets

Age demographics:

  • Under 18 years: 24.4%
  • 18 to 64 years: 59.3%
  • 65 years and over: 16.3%


Major occupations in Salmon include healthcare, agriculture, forestry, tourism, and retail. Salmon is considered a micropolitan area.