Methadone Clinics in Tucson

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Behavioral Awareness Center Inc1475 West Saint Marys Road Tucson, AZ 85745(520) 629-9126
Center for Behavioral Health Tucson Inc368 East Grant Road Suite C Tucson, AZ 85705(520) 624-0250
CODAC Behavioral Health Services Inc3100 North 1st Avenue Tucson, AZ 85719(520) 327-45051050
Community Medical Services Inc Olive Branch6626 East Carondelet Drive Tucson, AZ 85710(520) 298-1650
COPE Behavioral Health Services Inc Substance Abuse Services101 South Stone Avenue Tucson, AZ 85701(520) 884-0707
Cottonwood de Tucson4110 West Sweetwater Drive Tucson, AZ 85745(520) 743-0411
La Frontera Center Hope Center260 South Scott Avenue Tucson, AZ 85701(520) 884-8470

Rules and Regulations

Tucson adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Certification Procedures

To be certified, methadone clinics must submit applications outlining their practices, policies, and compliance with regulations. On-site surveys are conducted before certification is granted. Clinics must renew their certification periodically by submitting updated documentation. Clinicians must complete specific training and licensing to prescribe methadone treatment.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Methadone and other medication-assisted treatments for opioid addiction can:

  • Reduce illicit opioid use and overdose deaths
  • Help patients function normally
  • Lower the risk of contracting or transmitting diseases

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication, counseling, and other services to treat opioid addiction. Patients visit clinics daily to receive their prescribed methadone dose under supervision. The goal is to support recovery by reducing cravings and withdrawal.

Insurance Coverage

Many private and public insurance plans cover methadone treatment, but coverage may vary. Free or low-cost treatment may be available from some nonprofit clinics and government-subsidized facilities. Patients can check with individual clinics about options for uninsured or underinsured treatment.

Drug Use in Tucson

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. In Arizona specifically:

  • Over 2,000 opioid overdose deaths occurred in 2020
  • Over 1 million Arizonans misused prescription opioids between 2015-2019

Commonly misused substances in Pima County include:

  • Prescription opioids
  • Heroin
  • Cocaine
  • Methamphetamine

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Average stay 30-90 days
  • Detoxification, counseling, group therapy, medication
  • Round-the-clock care

Outpatient Treatment

  • Sessions 1-5 days per week
  • Individual & group counseling
  • Continued care after inpatient stay

Treatment Level Unreported

  • Approximately 20% of facilities do not report treatment level
  • An estimated 10% of these are inpatient, 90% outpatient

Comparison of Treatment in Tucson vs. Phoenix

CategoryTucsonPhoenix
Treatment Facilities1525
Inpatient Beds250500
Cost of Treatment$15,000/month$25,000/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs, also known as opioid treatment programs (OTPs), to treat opioid use disorder. It binds to opioid receptors and reduces cravings and withdrawal symptoms, allowing patients to focus on recovery.

There are mixed societal perspectives on methadone treatment. While it is an evidence-based form of MAT, some view it as merely replacing one opioid with another. However, research shows methadone treatment improves outcomes when properly managed.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is highly regulated with monitoring requirements:

  • Urine testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight tests in the first year of treatment to detect illicit drug use.
  • Take-home requirements: During the first 14 days, the take-home supply is limited to a 24-hour dose, with more take-homes allowed over time if patients meet requirements.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team overseeing treatment plans and progress.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review PDMP data to carefully cross-reference other opioid prescriptions with methadone, which has a narrow therapeutic index.

In Tucson and Pima County, methadone is a Schedule II controlled prescription substance overseen by federal and state regulations.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder that has been used since 1947. Studies show methadone:

  • Reduces opioid-positive drug tests by 33%
  • Increases treatment retention 4.44 times more likely
  • Retention reduces overdose risk and increases employment

However, methadone does carry risks:

  • Potential for misuse and diversion
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • Possible QTc prolongation and cardiac issues
  • Respiratory depression and overdose when combined with other substances

Methadone is equally as effective as buprenorphine in reducing illicit opioid use but requires more careful oversight due to risks. With proper management, methadone is beneficial but also has risks requiring monitoring.

About Tucson

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Tucson is located in Pima County in the state of Arizona. Arizona borders Utah, New Mexico, California, Nevada, and Mexico.

Capital and Largest City

Phoenix is the capital and largest city in Arizona.

Land Area

Tucson has a total area of 227 square miles.

Infrastructure

  • As the seat of Pima County, Tucson has government offices to serve residents. The main municipal government offices are located downtown in Tucson City Hall.
  • Tucson has public safety infrastructure like police and fire stations across the city. There are around 20 public libraries in the Tucson area as well.
  • There are many parks, recreation centers, swimming pools, and other community infrastructure facilities for residents and visitors to enjoy. Popular venues include Reid Park, Randolph Park, and the Tucson Convention Center area.

Population Statistics

Total Population

According to the 2020 census, the population of Tucson is 548,073.

Demographics

Gender

  • Male: 50.5%
  • Female: 49.5%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 20.2%
  • 18 to 64 years: 62.3%
  • 65 years and over: 17.5%

Occupations

The top occupations in Tucson are:

  • Office and administrative support: 14.3%
  • Sales and related: 11.4%
  • Food preparation and serving: 9.2%
  • Healthcare practitioners and technical: 7.9%
  • Education, training, and library: 6.5%