Methadone Clinics in Nashville

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Cumberland Heights Alcohol and Drug Treatment8283 River Road Nashville, TN 37209(615) 352-1757
Middle Tennessee Treatment Center2410 Charlotte Avenue Nashville, TN 37203(615) 321-2575104
Parthenon Pavilion CMC Dual Stabilization Unit2401 Parman Place Nashville, TN 37203(615) 342-1400
South Nashville Comprehensive Treatment Center1420 Donelson Pike, Suite B19, Nashville, TN 37217(615) 912-3462
Vanderbilt Addiction Center1601 23rd Avenue South Nashville, TN 37212(615) 327-7000

Rules and Regulations

Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee, United States adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Certification Procedures

To operate legally, methadone clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the state. Staff must also meet requirements for training and education. Clinics must follow federal and state regulations regarding patient treatment, record keeping, security, and dispensing of methadone.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Methadone and other medication-assisted treatments for opioid addiction can:

  • Reduce opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allow people to focus on other areas of their lives and recovery
  • Lower the risk of overdose and death
  • Decrease transmission of infectious diseases like HIV and hepatitis

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide daily doses of methadone to treat opioid addiction. The medication blocks the euphoric effects of opioids and reduces cravings and withdrawal symptoms. In addition to dispensing methadone, clinics offer counseling and other services to support recovery. The ultimate goal is to help patients gain control over their opioid addiction.

Insurance Coverage

Many clinics accept Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance. Some also offer payment assistance or sliding scale fees based on income. There are a few free clinics available for those who qualify.

Drug Use in Nashville

The opioid crisis was declared a public health emergency in Tennessee. Key statistics:

  • In 2020, there were 2,097 overdose deaths, up 45% from 2019
  • 75% of overdose deaths involved opioids

The drugs most commonly involved in overdoses:

  • Fentanyl and fentanyl analogs
  • Heroin
  • Prescription opioids

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Patients reside at the facility 24/7 for detox and programming
  • The typical stay is 30 days
  • Services include medical care, counseling, group therapy

Outpatient Treatment

  • Patients attend programs at the facility but do not stay overnight
  • Attend 1-5 days per week for 2-4 hours per day
  • Located in community settings like clinics

Treatment Level Unreported

  • Approximately 20% of facilities do not report treatment level
  • Likely a mix of inpatient and outpatient

Comparison of Treatment in Nashville vs. Memphis

CriteriaNashvilleMemphis
Treatment Facilities7560
Inpatient Beds1,5001,200
Cost of Treatment$15,000/month$12,000/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication. As medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in opioid treatment programs (OTPs), methadone helps prevent opioid withdrawal and reduces opioid cravings. It can block the euphoric effects of other narcotics and illicit opioids. Patients are prescribed methadone and must take the liquid medication daily under supervision. Over time, treatment enables people to improve their health and social functioning.

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed. Some view it as merely replacing one addiction with another. However, research shows MAT with methadone is clinically effective for treating opioid use disorder when provided at sufficient doses and duration under medical supervision. It can help patients manage cravings and withdrawal, allowing them to focus on recovery through counseling and lifestyle changes. Still, diversion and misuse of methadone do occur, so monitoring and responsible prescribing are essential.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is strictly regulated with required monitoring to deter misuse:

  • Urine Testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight randomized urine tests in the first year of treatment to detect illicit drug use.
  • Take-Home Requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home supply of methadone is limited to a 24-hour supply that must be ingested daily under supervision at the clinic. After meeting certain requirements, take-home supplies can gradually increase to a 30-day supply.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team including physicians, nurses, counselors, social workers, and pharmacists to provide comprehensive monitoring and coordinated care planning.
  • Prescription Drug Monitoring: Clinicians should review prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference other concurrent opioid medications a patient may be prescribed and titrate methadone dosage accordingly, as it has a narrow therapeutic window and overdose risk.

According to Tennessee and Davidson County PDMP data, methadone is a Schedule II controlled prescription substance with a high potential for abuse that can lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime. Patients on MAT with methadone have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests. They are also 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment, which reduces overdose and disease transmission risks while increasing employment opportunities.

However, methadone does come with risks like the potential for misuse and diversion, severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly, possible QTc prolongation and cardiac issues, as well as respiratory depression and overdose when combined with alcohol or other substances. These require careful monitoring and management by clinicians. Multiple studies found methadone and buprenorphine have comparable effectiveness for reducing illicit opioid use, so patient preferences and clinical indications factor into medication selection.

In conclusion, methadone has demonstrated benefits but also risks, necessitating responsible prescribing and monitoring with supportive counseling and services to manage opioid use disorder.

About Nashville

Nashville is located in Davidson County, Tennessee, United States. Davidson County borders the states of Kentucky and Alabama.

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

  • State: Tennessee
  • County: Davidson County

Neighboring states:

  • Kentucky
  • Alabama

Capital and Largest City

Nashville is the capital and largest city in Tennessee.

Land Area

The land area of Nashville is 475 square miles.

Infrastructure

Nashville has an international airport, rail and bus terminals, and an extensive highway system.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The estimated population of Nashville is 689,447 as of 2017.

Demographics:

Gender

  • Male: 49.7%
  • Female: 50.3%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 22.4%
  • 18 to 64 years: 62.7%
  • 65 years and over: 14.9%

Occupations

The largest industries in Nashville are health care, finance and insurance, and professional and technical services. Other major occupations include entertainment, transportation, education, manufacturing, and food services.