Methadone Clinics in Saint Just

Saint Just, Puerto Rico adheres to strict federal and local regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Puerto Rico Department of Health.

Certification Procedures:

  • Clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the Puerto Rico Department of Health
  • Staff must meet educational and licensing requirements

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment:

  • Methadone and other medications help opioid addiction patients:
  • Reduce opioid cravings
  • Avoid painful withdrawal symptoms
  • Block the euphoric effects of other opioids

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment to those suffering from opioid addiction. Patients visit clinics daily to receive their prescribed methadone dose onsite. The goal is to help patients achieve sobriety and better health and social functioning.

Insurance Coverage

  • Many clinics accept Medicaid and Medicare. Some also take private insurance plans that cover addiction treatment.
  • Uninsured patients may be eligible for state-funded treatment.

Drug Use in Saint Just

Opioid Crisis Declared Public Health Emergency

  • In 2017, the Governor of Puerto Rico declared a public health emergency due to increasing opioid overdoses and deaths.
  • From 2015-2017, opioid overdose deaths in Puerto Rico increased by 46%.
  • The most commonly used substances in Puerto Rico are alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, and opioids.

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Patients reside at the treatment facility for 30-90 days on average.
  • Services include medical detoxification, individual and group counseling, medication management, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

  • Patients attend structured programming at a facility for 10-12 hours per week.
  • Services include individual and group counseling, medication management, and recovery support groups.

Treatment Level Unreported

  • An estimated 10-15% of patients do not report their treatment level.
  • This may include support groups, counseling, or medication-assisted treatment.

Comparison of Treatment in Saint Just vs. San Juan


Saint Just

San Juan

# of treatment facilities



Inpatient beds available



Cost of treatment



Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is an opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and dependence. As medication-assisted treatment (MAT), methadone helps prevent withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings by activating opioid receptors in the brain, while blocking euphoric effects of other opioids. It is taken orally once daily in supervised opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Methadone maintenance faces stigma due to misconceptions that it merely replaces one addiction for another. However, research shows methadone significantly improves outcomes when properly managed, reducing disease transmission, overdoses, and crime. Still, risks like diversion require oversight. In layman’s terms, methadone tricks the brain into thinking it is still getting the problem opioid, preventing withdrawal while also blocking highs from continued opioid misuse.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is strictly regulated with required:

  • Urine testing: Patients must pass at least 8 random urine tests in the first treatment year to detect continued drug use.
  • Take-home doses: Limited to a 1-day supply in the first 2 weeks to prevent misuse.
  • Interprofessional monitoring: OTPs must have teams of doctors, counselors, and nurses overseeing treatment plans.
  • Prescription reviews: Providers check the state Prescription Drug Monitoring Program to ensure safe methadone doses.

Saint Just’s Drug Classifications:

  • Puerto Rico follows the United States federal drug scheduling system
  • Drugs are classified into 5 schedules based on medical use and potential for abuse/addiction
  • Schedule I drugs have no accepted medical use and high potential for abuse (heroin, LSD)
  • Schedule V drugs have accepted medical use and low potential for abuse (cough medicines with limited codeine)

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness

Methadone has effectively treated opioid addiction since its FDA approval in 1947.

Evidence shows methadone MAT:

  • Reduces opioid-positive urine tests by 33%
  • Improves treatment retention 4 times more likely than without medication
  • Lowers risks of overdose death and disease transmission
  • Increases employment opportunities

However, methadone does carry risks:

  • Potential for misuse and diversion
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • QTc/cardiac issues; respiratory depression if combined with other sedatives

Research suggests methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for treating opioid addiction. Overall, methadone provides substantial benefits but requires careful medical management to minimize risks.

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About Saint Just

Saint Just is a municipality located in the northeast region of Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory.

  • Saint Just is located in the Canóvanas county of Puerto Rico
  • It is bordered by the following municipalities:
  • Canóvanas
  • Loíza
  • Río Grande
  • The capital and largest city is Saint Just.
  • Saint Just covers approximately 11 square miles (29 sq km) of land area.
  • As of the 2010 census, there were 2,953 housing units in the municipality.

Population Statistics

  • As of the 2020 census, the population of Saint Just was 3,631.



  • Male: 47%
  • Female: 53%

Age Brackets:

  • Under 18 years: 20%
  • 18 to 65 years: 61%
  • Over 65 years: 19%


  • Management/Professional: 31%
  • Services: 27%
  • Sales/Office: 24%
  • Construction/Maintenance: 10%
  • Production/Transportation: 8%