Methadone Clinics in Langhorne

Rules and Regulations

Langhorne adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Certification Procedures

  • Methadone clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the state.
  • Staff must meet educational and licensing criteria set by the state.
  • Regular facility inspections enforce safety and treatment standards.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Medication-assisted treatment with methadone helps individuals with opioid use disorder by:

  • Reducing opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allowing people to focus on their health and participation in counseling
  • Decreasing the risk of overdose and transmission of infectious diseases

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide daily supervised methadone doses and counseling to those recovering from opioid addiction. The structured environment helps patients stabilize their lives.

Insurance Coverage

Most private insurance plans and Medicaid cover methadone treatment. Those without insurance may qualify for state funding or clinic payment plans based on income.

Free Clinics

Some clinics offer free treatment funded by grants, public health programs, and donations. Eligibility is based on financial need.

Drug Use in Langhorne

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. Bucks County has seen rising rates of overdoses and deaths from opioids and other drugs:

  • In 2017, Bucks County reported 308 drug overdose deaths, up from 195 in 2015
  • The drugs involved in these deaths included prescription opioids (124 deaths), heroin (121 deaths), fentanyl (32 deaths), and cocaine (31 deaths)

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Typically 28-90 days length of stay
  • 24/7 medical monitoring and counseling
  • Detoxification, behavioral therapies, medication

Outpatient Treatment

  • 1-5 visits per week for counseling and therapy
  • Provided at clinics, private practices, community health centers

Treatment Level Unreported

  • An estimated 10% of admissions in Bucks County did not specify treatment level

Comparison of Treatment Options

CategoryLanghornePhiladelphiaTrenton
# of treatment facilities1522332
Inpatient beds available3003,000850
Cost of treatment$15,000/mo$25,000/mo$10,000/mo

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and prevent withdrawal symptoms. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and blocking the euphoric effects of other opioids. Methadone is taken orally once daily in liquid or tablet form and administered through opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Mechanism as Medication-Assisted Treatment, OTP Principle

Methadone maintenance treatment provides a legally obtained opioid to stabilize patients and facilitate their rehabilitation. Patients receive a daily methadone dose under medical supervision at an OTP clinic. The dose is slowly tapered based on patient progress. This allows people with opioid addictions to function normally without the disruption of seeking out opioids.

While methadone has demonstrated effectiveness in treating opioid addiction, it remains controversial. Supporters view it as allowing patients to regain control of their lives. Critics argue it merely replaces one addiction with another or enables addiction. However, evidence shows methadone facilitates patient functioning and retention in treatment. With proper medical management, risks can be minimized.

Methadone activates the same opioid receptors in the brain as other opioids but stays in the body much longer, preventing withdrawal and reducing cravings. It allows the brain time to slowly adjust to not having opioid euphoria from substances like heroin or prescription painkillers.

Methadone Distribution

Description of monitoring and regulations:

  • Urine testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight tests in the first year of treatment to ensure no illicit opioid use.
  • Take-home requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home supply of methadone is limited to a 24-hour supply which must be ingested daily under observation at the clinic to prevent misuse/diversion.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team including physicians, nurses, and behavioral health counselors to provide comprehensive patient care management including regular patient evaluations.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference other opioid medications a patient receives, as methadone has a narrow therapeutic index and overdose risk increases when combined with other substances.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Studies show methadone treatment reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime. Methadone patients have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests. They are also 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment, which reduces overdose and disease transmission risks while increasing employment opportunities.

Major Drawbacks

However, methadone does carry risks including potential for misuse/diversion and severe withdrawal symptoms if treatment is stopped suddenly. Methadone can also prolong the QT interval on electrocardiograms, increasing the risk for serious heart rhythm problems in susceptible patients. It also causes respiratory depression and overdose death when combined with alcohol or other medications like benzodiazepines.

Comparison to Other Medications

Methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective in reducing illicit opioid use.

While methadone has demonstrated benefits in treating opioid addiction, it also has serious risks requiring careful management under medical supervision.

About Langhorne

Location, County & Neighboring States

Langhorne is located in Bucks County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Bucks County borders the states of New Jersey to the east and Delaware to the south.

Capital and Largest City

The capital and largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia.

Land Area

Langhorne has a total area of 1.6 square miles.

Infrastructure

  • Roads: Langhorne is connected via State Routes 213, 332, and 513.
  • Public transportation: Langhorne is served by SEPTA Regional Rail train service.
  • Utilities: Electric service is provided by PECO Energy Company. Natural gas is provided by Philadelphia Gas Works.

Population Statistics

The population of Langhorne was 1,622 at the 2010 census.

Demographics

Gender

As of the 2010 census, Langhorne was 51.1% female and 48.9% male.

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 19.4%
  • 18 to 65 years: 63.1%
  • Over 65 years: 17.5%

Occupations

The top occupations in Langhorne are education, healthcare, retail trade, construction, and professional services.