Methadone Clinics in Winston Salem

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Forsyth Substance Abuse Services Forsyth Medical Center3821 Forrestgate Drive Winston Salem, NC 27103(336) 718-3550
Insight Human Services665 West 4th Street, Winston Salem, NC 27101(336) 725-8389
Winston Psychiatric Associates125 Ashleybrook Square Winston Salem, NC 27103(336) 765-6577

Rules and Regulations

Winston Salem adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services.

Certification Procedures

  • Clinics must be certified by SAMHSA
  • Staff must meet educational and licensing requirements
  • Regular inspections are conducted

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Medication-assisted treatment with methadone helps individuals recovering from opioid addiction by:

  • Preventing painful withdrawal symptoms
  • Reducing opioid cravings
  • Allowing patients to focus on counseling and behavioral therapies
  • Lowering the risk of overdose
  • Improving overall health and social functioning

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment to patients with opioid use disorder. Treatment includes:

  • Methadone dosing daily under supervision
  • Individual and group counseling
  • Drug testing
  • Case management

The goal is to help patients achieve sobriety and become productive members of society.

Insurance Coverage

Most clinics accept Medicaid and private insurance. Some clinics offer treatment on a sliding scale based on income for uninsured patients.

Drug Use in Winston Salem

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. In Winston Salem specifically:

  • There were 123 opioid overdose deaths in 2021, a 45% increase from 2020
  • Over half of drug overdose deaths involved fentanyl
  • Alcohol, methamphetamines, and cocaine are also commonly abused

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Patients reside at a treatment facility for 30-90 days
  • Services include medical detox, individual and group counseling, medication management, and aftercare planning

Outpatient Treatment

  • Patients attend structured programming at a facility for 10 or more hours per week
  • Services provided on evenings and weekends to accommodate work/life balance
  • Focus on group counseling, relapse prevention, and recovery skills

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated additional 2,300 residents received unspecified addiction treatment per local health surveys

Comparison of Treatment in Winston Salem vs. Greensboro

CategoryWinston SalemGreensboro
Treatment Facilities1523
Inpatient Beds120210
Cost of Treatment$15,000$25,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and prevent withdrawal symptoms. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and blocking the euphoric effects of other opioids. Methadone is taken orally once daily in liquid or tablet form and allows people with opioid addiction to function normally without the negative effects of their drug use. It is only provided through specialized opioid treatment programs (OTPs) with strict federal and state regulations to prevent misuse.

Mechanism as medication assisted treatment, OTP principle

Methadone maintenance treatment uses methadone medication along with counseling and behavioral therapies to treat substance use disorders. The main goals are to prevent withdrawal symptoms, reduce or eliminate opioid cravings, and allow patients to focus on making positive life changes through counseling. OTPs provide daily supervised methadone dosing and comprehensive support services to maximize treatment effectiveness.

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment

Though evidence shows methadone treatment is effective, it remains controversial. Some view it as merely substituting one addiction for another. However, research indicates that at proper doses, methadone does not produce euphoria, allowing people to function normally. Many also see methadone treatment as enabling addiction. However, denying medication for opioid addiction goes against standard medical practice for other chronic diseases like diabetes or hypertension. Overall, societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed but growing more positive as the opioid crisis continues.

Explanation in layman terms

Put simply, methadone occupies the parts of the brain usually affected by problem opioids. This stops withdrawal, reduces cravings and blocks getting high from other opioids. People can take methadone once a day instead of using other opioids multiple times a day, allowing them to get their life back on track.

Methadone Distribution

Description of monitoring and regulations:

  • Urine testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight tests in the first year of treatment to ensure they are not using other opioids or substances.
  • Take-home requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home supply of methadone is limited to a 24-hour supply. After 90 days of compliance, patients can earn one take-home dose per week, eventually earning up to 30 days of take-home doses for continued adherence.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team including physicians, nurses, counselors and social workers to provide comprehensive care.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference opioid dosage, as methadone has a narrow therapeutic index and overdose risk when combined with other medications.

Winston Salem state drug classifications

According to North Carolina’s controlled substance reporting system, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance, indicating accepted medical use but also potential for abuse and addiction. Schedule II substances require special storage, handling, prescription and dispensing regulations.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime. Patients on methadone maintenance have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests. They are also 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment, which reduces overdose risk, HIV and hepatitis C transmission, and unemployment while increasing employment.

Major Drawbacks

Potential for misuse/diversion due to its opioid properties. Sudden discontinuation can cause severe withdrawal symptoms. Possible QTc prolongation or cardiac arrhythmias. Respiratory depression and overdose risk when combined with alcohol or other substances.

Comparison to Other Medications

Methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for reducing illicit opioid use and treatment retention.


While not without risks, methadone’s benefits outweigh potential harms for treating opioid addiction when properly managed.

About Winston Salem

Winston Salem is located in Forsyth County in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It borders the states of Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia, and South Carolina.

Location, county & list of neighbouring states

  • Virginia
  • Tennessee
  • Georgia
  • South Carolina

Winston Salem is the county seat of Forsyth County.

Capital and largest city

Winston Salem is the largest city and county seat of Forsyth County. Raleigh is the capital of North Carolina.

Land area

Winston Salem covers a total land area of 132.4 square miles.


Winston Salem has a council-manager form of government. There is an extensive public transit system including buses and transportation services for the disabled. The city is served by several major highways and roads.

Population Statistics

Total population

The total population of Winston Salem is 246,328 as of 2019.



  • Male: 47%
  • Female: 53%

Age brackets

  • Under 18 years: 22.7%
  • 18 to 64 years: 62.3%
  • 65 years and over: 15%


Top occupations in Winston Salem include healthcare, education, manufacturing, retail, technology, and finance. The largest employers are Novant Health, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Hanesbrands Inc., and Wells Fargo.