Methadone Clinics in Bronx

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Concourse Medical Center Inc Opiod Treatment Clinic880 Morris Avenue, Bronx, New York, 10451+17186659340
Montefiore Medical Center Substance Abuse Treatment Program2058 Jerome Avenue 3rd Floor, Bronx, New York, 10453+19175648788
Montefiore Wellness Center At Waters Place1510 Waters Place, Bronx, New York, 10461+17188293440

Rules and Regulations

Bronx adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the New York State Office of Addiction Services and Supports (OASAS).

Certification Procedures

Methadone clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by OASAS. Certification requires adhering to federal opioid treatment standards regarding patient admission, treatment planning, counseling services, medication administration, and more.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Benefits of methadone maintenance treatment include:

  • Reducing opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allowing people to focus on their health and recovery
  • Lowering the risk of overdose
  • Improving social functioning

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment to people diagnosed with an opioid use disorder. Patients visit the clinic daily to receive a liquid dose of methadone under medical supervision. The clinics offer counseling and case management services to support patients in their recovery. The purpose is to use methadone along with other services to treat opioid addiction.

Insurance Coverage

Many clinics accept Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance. Uninsured patients may qualify for state funding or clinic payment assistance programs. Some clinics offer treatment at little to no cost for those who cannot pay. All clinics provide care regardless of a patient’s insurance status or ability to pay.

Drug Use in the Bronx

The opioid crisis declared a public health emergency

  • In 2017, the Bronx had the highest rate of drug overdose deaths in New York City at 27.3 per 100,000 residents
  • Main substances involved in overdoses: fentanyl, heroin, cocaine

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Description: 24/7 medically-managed detox and counseling services in a residential facility
  • Length of stay: Typically 30 days
  • Procedures/services: Medically-supervised detox, individual and group therapy, aftercare planning

Outpatient Treatment

  • Description: Periodic counseling sessions and group support meetings
  • Frequency: Varies, typically 1-3 visits per week
  • Location: Clinic or counseling office

Treatment Level Unreported

  • Many patients do not specify treatment level
  • Estimates show at least 60% of patients are in outpatient programs

Comparison of Treatment in Bronx vs. Manhattan

CityNumber of FacilitiesInpatient BedsCost
Bronx12300$10,000/month
Manhattan18500$15,000/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and prevent withdrawal symptoms. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and blocking the euphoric effects of other opioids. As part of medication-assisted treatment (MAT), methadone is dispensed through opioid treatment programs (OTPs) that provide counseling and urine drug screening along with daily doses of methadone taken orally. The goal is to stabilize patients, reduce illicit opioid use and transmission of infectious diseases, and improve social functioning.

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed – some see it as merely replacing one addiction with another, while others recognize it as an evidence-based medical treatment for a chronic disease. Explained simply, methadone occupies opioid receptors enough to prevent euphoria from other opioids but without causing significant psychoactive effects at the appropriate dose.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is highly regulated with monitoring to prevent misuse:

  • Urine testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight random drug tests in the first year of treatment to ensure compliance and detect additional substance use.
  • Take-home requirements: During the first 90 days of treatment, methadone doses must be consumed on-site at the clinic. After 90 days, take-home doses are allowed for stable patients who meet certain criteria, but limited to a 1-2 week supply.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team including counselors, social workers, nurses, and doctors monitoring patient progress.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review their state’s prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference other opioid medications and doses, as methadone has a narrow therapeutic index.

In New York, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance, indicating accepted medical use but high potential for abuse and dependence. The New York State Office of Addiction Services and Supports (OASAS) certifies all opioid treatment programs.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since the 1960s. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime when dispensed through structured treatment programs. Compared to no medication, people on methadone maintenance have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests and are 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment. Retention in treatment reduces overdose risk, HIV transmission, and unemployment while increasing employment.

However, methadone does carry risks including potential for misuse/diversion and severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly. It can also prolong the QTc interval on electrocardiograms, increasing the risk of cardiac arrhythmias. As an opioid agonist, methadone also carries a risk of respiratory depression and overdose when combined with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants.

Research shows methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective in reducing illicit opioid use. However buprenorphine has a lower risk of overdose and fewer federal regulations compared to methadone treatment programs.

In conclusion, methadone offers clear benefits but also unique risks requiring careful management under federal and state regulations.

About Bronx, New York

The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City. It is located primarily on the mainland United States, with a small portion located on islands in the East River.

Location, County & Neighboring Areas

The Bronx is part of Bronx County

Neighboring areas include:

  • Manhattan to the south (across the Harlem River)
  • Queens to the east (across the East River)
  • Westchester County to the north and east
  • Bergen County, New Jersey to the west (across the Hudson River)

Capital & Largest City

  • The Bronx is governed by the New York City government, based in Manhattan
  • New York City is the largest city in the U.S. by population

Land Area

  • The total land area of the Bronx is approximately 57 square miles

Infrastructure

  • Major highways include the Major Deegan Expressway, Bruckner Expressway, and Cross Bronx Expressway
  • Subway service is provided by the New York City Subway system
  • The Bronx has a mix of residential neighborhoods, commercial districts, and industrial areas

Population Statistics

Total population (2020 census): 1,472,654

Gender:

  • Female: 781,812 (53%)
  • Male: 690,842 (47%)

Age Brackets:

  • Under 18 years: 29%
  • 18 to 65 years: 61%
  • Over 65 years: 10%

Occupations

Top occupations are in education, healthcare, retail, and professional services