Methadone Clinics in Saint Louis

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Barnes Jewish Hospital Chemical Dependency Program1 Barnes Jewish Hospital Plaza Saint Louis, MO 63110(314) 362-8884
Bridgeway Counseling Services Inc1027 South Vandeventer Avenue Saint Louis, MO 63110(314) 652-4200
Centrec Care1030 Woodcrest Terrace Drive Suite 206 Saint Louis, MO 63141(314) 205-8068
Saint Louis Metro Treatment Center4024 Woodson Road Saint Louis, MO 63134(314) 423-7030
Saint Louis Veterans Affairs Med Ctr915 North Grand Street Saint Louis, MO 63106(314) 652-4100

Rules and Regulations

Saint Louis adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and Missouri Department of Mental Health. All clinics must be certified and accredited.

Certification Procedures

Methadone clinics must:

  • Be certified by SAMHSA
  • Meet accreditation standards of an approved accrediting body
  • Maintain appropriate state licenses for all staff
  • Follow federal and state regulations for dispensing methadone

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Benefits of methadone maintenance treatment include:

  • Reducing opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allowing people to focus on their health and recovery
  • Lowering the risk of overdose death
  • Decreasing transmission rates of infectious diseases like HIV and hepatitis

How Clinics Operate

Methadone clinics provide daily supervised methadone doses and counseling to those recovering from opioid addiction. The goal is to help patients gain control of their lives and reintegrate into society.

Insurance Coverage

Many clinics accept Medicaid and private insurance. Uninsured patients may qualify for state funding or clinic payment plans based on income.

Drug Use in Saint Louis

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. In Missouri specifically:

  • There were 1,132 opioid overdose deaths in 2020
  • Heroin contributed to 328 of those deaths
  • Fentanyl was involved in 722 deaths, a 45% increase from 2019

Top substances leading to addiction and overdose deaths:

  • Opioid pain relievers
  • Heroin
  • Fentanyl
  • Cocaine
  • Methamphetamine

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Typical stay is 28 days
  • Detoxification, counseling, group therapy, medication
  • Round-the-clock care and supervision

Outpatient Treatment

  • 1-2 hour sessions 1-3 times per week
  • Individual and group counseling
  • Referrals for medical care
  • Flexible schedules

Treatment Level Unreported

  • Estimated 30-40% of facilities do not report treatment level
  • Likely a mix of inpatient and outpatient

Comparison of Treatment in St. Louis vs Kansas City

CityTreatment FacilitiesInpatient BedsCost of Treatment
St. Louis781,050$15,000/month
Kansas City911,206$12,000/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder. It binds to opioid receptors and reduces cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone treatment programs provide the medication along with counseling and other services in what is known as medication-assisted treatment (MAT). This is based on the opioid treatment program (OTP) model, which takes a whole-patient approach.

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed. While it does help many people recover, some view it as merely replacing one opioid with another. However, research shows methadone helps stabilize patients so they can focus on recovery. In layman’s terms, methadone relieves the symptoms driving opioid misuse so people can work on changing their behavior.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is highly regulated to prevent misuse and diversion:

  • Urine testing: Patients must undergo at least eight urine tests for illicit drugs in the first year of treatment.
  • Take-home requirements: For the first 14 days, the take-home methadone supply is limited to a 24-hour dose.
  • Monitoring: Methadone programs have an interprofessional team overseeing treatment.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review the state’s prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference methadone dosage, as it has a narrow therapeutic window.

The state of Missouri categorizes methadone as a Schedule II controlled substance.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder that has been used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime. Specifically:

  • 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests
  • 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment
  • Retention in treatment reduces overdose/disease transmission risk and increases employment

However, methadone does carry risks:

  • Potential for misuse/diversion
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • Possible QTc prolongation/cardiac issues
  • Respiratory depression/overdose if combined with other substances

Research shows methadone is equally as effective as buprenorphine in reducing opioid use. However, both medications require careful management to balance benefits with risks.

About Saint Louis, Saint Louis

Location, county & list of neighbouring states

St. Louis is located in eastern Missouri right along the Mississippi River. It sits in both the City of St. Louis and St. Louis County. Neighbouring states include Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas and Iowa.

Capital and largest city

St. Louis serves as Missouri’s second-largest city behind Kansas City. It previously served as Missouri’s capital from 1821 to 1826.

Land area

The City of St. Louis spans 61.9 square miles of land area.


Population Statistics

The City of St. Louis has a population of around 302,838 as of 2018. The St. Louis metropolitan area has a much larger population of over 2.8 million.



As of 2018 estimates, females made up 53.5% of the population while males made up 46.5% in the City of St. Louis.

Age brackets

Over 18% of residents in St. Louis are under age 18. About 63% fall between age 18 to 64, and 19% are over the age of 65.


Major industries that employ St. Louis residents include healthcare, retail trade, manufacturing and education services. Top employers include BJC Healthcare, Washington University and Walmart