Methadone Clinics in Minneapolis

Name rehabsAddressPhone
HCMC Addiction Medicine Program914 South 8th Street, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55404+16128735500
Minneapolis VA Healthcare System1 Veterans Drive Highway 55 and County 62 Unit 116A4, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55417+16124672228

Rules and Regulations

Minneapolis adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Minnesota Board of Pharmacy.

Certification Procedures

All clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the state pharmacy board. Certification requirements include:

  • Dispensing and administering methadone according to federal and state laws
  • Employing qualified and credentialed staff
  • Maintaining accurate patient records

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Methadone and other medication-assisted treatments for opioid addiction can:

  • Reduce illicit opioid use and overdose deaths
  • Lower transmission rates of HIV and hepatitis
  • Enable patients to improve their health and social functioning

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Clinics provide daily supervised methadone dosing and comprehensive support services like counseling and case management. Their purpose is to facilitate patient recovery and rehabilitation.

Insurance Coverage

Many clinics accept Medicaid and private insurance. Some also offer sliding-scale fees based on income.

Free Clinics

Free and charitable clinics may have grant funding to provide methadone treatment to uninsured patients in need. They can help patients sign up for Medicaid to continue treatment coverage.

Drug Use in Minneapolis

Minneapolis has seen rising rates of drug overdoses and deaths in recent years. In 2017, the opioid crisis was declared a public health emergency in Minnesota. Key statistics include:

Overdose deaths increased over 95% from 2000 to 2016

725 opioid-involved deaths occurred in 2020 alone

The most commonly detected substances in overdoses are:

  • Opioids
  • Methamphetamine
  • Cocaine

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient or residential treatment involves staying at a facility 24/7 for substance abuse treatment. Typical services include:

  • Medically-supervised detox
  • Individual and group counseling
  • Aftercare planning

The average length of stay is 30 days.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment allows the patient to live at home while attending regular treatment sessions. This includes:

  • Individual and/or group counseling
  • Access to support groups
  • Random drug testing

Sessions typically occur 1-3 times per week.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 10-20% of Minnesotans struggling with addiction do not report what type of treatment they receive. Barriers to reporting may include stigma or lack of resources.

Comparison of Treatment in Minneapolis vs. St. Paul

CategoryMinneapolisSt. Paul
Treatment Facilities285198
Inpatient Beds1,7281,103
Cost of Treatment$10,000-$20,000$10,000-$20,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and prevent withdrawal symptoms. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and block euphoric effects if other opioids are used. Methadone is taken orally once daily in opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Mechanism as Medication Assisted Treatment

Methadone activates the opioid receptors as other opioids would, but it does so in a slower, less euphoric way. This prevents withdrawal and reduces cravings for other opioids in people with opioid use disorder. The OTP model provides comprehensive treatment including counseling and support services along with daily supervised methadone dosing.

Societal Perspectives on Methadone Treatment

Methadone treatment has faced stigma due to misconceptions that it is simply replacing one addiction for another. However, research shows methadone relieves withdrawal and craving, allowing people to function normally and respond to counseling/behavioral therapies to change addictive patterns. Many see it as an essential harm reduction treatment.

In Layman’s Terms

Methadone tricks the brain into thinking it is still getting the problem opioid by activating the same receptors. This stops withdrawal and craving. People can then focus on counseling and skill building without being distracted by withdrawal.

Methadone Distribution

Monitoring and Regulations

Methadone treatment has strict federal and state regulations to prevent misuse. These include:

  • Urine Testing: Patients must pass random urine tests showing methadone treatment compliance and no additional unauthorized opioid use. Eight tests are required the first year.
  • Take-Home Requirements: For the first 14 days, only a 24-hour methadone supply can be taken home. More take-home doses are allowed over time for patients who follow program rules.
  • Monitoring: OTPs must have an interprofessional team including counselors, social workers, and medical staff to coordinate care.
  • Prescription Drug Monitoring: Providers should check the state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) when determining dosage. Methadone has risks if combined with other medications or taken incorrectly.

Minneapolis State Drug Classifications

Methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance in Minnesota, indicating accepted medical use but also potential for abuse/addiction. Schedule I drugs have no accepted medical use. Schedule III-V drugs have decreasing potential for abuse.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime. Methadone patients have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests. They are also 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment, which reduces overdose risk and increases employment.

Major Drawbacks

Potential for misuse/diversion exists. Sudden discontinuation causes severe withdrawal. It can prolong the QT interval, increasing cardiac issues. Combining methadone with other substances increases overdose and respiratory depression risk.

Comparison to Other Medications

Methadone is equally effective as buprenorphine for reducing opioid use.

Conclusion

Methadone has demonstrated benefits but also risks requiring careful management.

About Minneapolis

Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County in the U.S. state of Minnesota. It borders the states of Wisconsin to the east and Iowa to the south.

Location, County & Neighboring States

  • Located on the Mississippi River in Hennepin County
  • Borders Wisconsin to the east and Iowa to the south

Minneapolis is the capital and largest city in Minnesota. It covers a total land area of around 58.4 square miles.

Infrastructure

The city has an international airport and is a major transportation hub with interstate highways, light rail, and bus transit systems. Major companies headquartered in Minneapolis include Target, U.S. Bancorp, and Xcel Energy. The city has an advanced healthcare system including the Mayo Clinic and Abbott Northwestern Hospital.

Population Statistics

Minneapolis has an estimated population of 429,606 as of 2022.

Demographics

Gender

  • Male: 51.8%
  • Female: 48.2%

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 19.2%
  • 18 to 65 years: 69.3%
  • Over 65 years: 11.5%

Occupations

Popular occupations include office administration roles, sales, food preparation and service jobs, healthcare, and engineering. The largest industries are finance, corporate management, sales, healthcare, and manufacturing.