Methadone Clinics in Gwynn Oak

  • Rules and regulations: Gwynn Oak, Baltimore County, Maryland, United States adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the State of Maryland. All clinics must be certified and meet standards of care.

To be certified, methadone clinics must:

  • Be accredited by an approved accreditation body
  • Employ licensed and credentialed staff
  • Maintain patient records with treatment plans and progress notes
  • Have plans for medical emergencies and overdoses
  • Meet security requirements
  • Follow confidentiality laws (HIPAA)

Methadone and other medication-assisted treatments for opioid addiction can:

  • Reduce illicit opioid use and overdose deaths
  • Help patients function and improve their health and social relationships
  • Lower the transmission risk of HIV and viral hepatitis

How clinics operate and their purpose:

  • Methadone clinics provide daily supervised methadone doses and counseling to those recovering from opioid addiction. The medication relieves withdrawal symptoms and reduces opioid cravings without euphoric effects. The clinics aim to improve patients’ health, productivity, and social functioning.

Insurance Coverage

  • Many private insurance plans and Medicaid cover methadone treatment to some extent. Some clinics operate on an out-of-pocket basis.
  • Low-income patients may qualify for reduced self-pay rates based on financial assessment.

Drug Use in Gwynn Oak

The opioid crisis was declared a nationwide public health emergency in 2017. In Maryland in 2021:

  • There were 2,462 opioid-related overdose deaths, a 9.8% increase from 2020
  • Fentanyl contributed to over 90% of opioid-related deaths
  • Heroin contributed to over 15% of opioid-related deaths

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment involves staying at a facility 24/7 for 1-3 months typically. It includes medical detox, counseling, group therapy, medication management, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment allows the patient to live at home while attending scheduled 1-2 hour counseling and therapy sessions 1-3 times a week. Sessions focus on behaviors, triggers, building coping skills.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 10-15% of patients do not report their treatment level. Reasons may include privacy concerns or involvement in unofficial support groups.

Comparison of Treatment in Gwynn Oak vs. Neighboring Baltimore


Gwynn Oak


Treatment centers



Inpatient beds



Cost of treatment



Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Methadone is taken orally once daily in tapering doses at opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Methadone treatment is controversial, with some viewing it as merely replacing one addiction with another. However, research shows methadone maintenance is effective for treating addiction when properly monitored. Supporters argue the benefits outweigh risks of diversion when stringent regulations are followed.

Methadone tricks the brain into thinking it is still getting the misused opioid. This stops cravings and withdrawal sickness. People can work on getting their life together without being driven by the need to keep using opioids.

Methadone Distribution

OTP clinics carefully track methadone doses for each patient to prevent misuse. Regulations include:

  • Urine Testing: Patients must pass at least 8 random urine tests in the first year to ensure they are not still taking other opioids.
  • Take-Home Doses: For the first 14 days, patients must take methadone daily at the clinic. After meeting targets, take-home doses can be allowed but are limited based on progress.
  • Interprofessional Teams: OTPs have doctors, nurses, counselors, and pharmacists to monitor patient progress.
  • Prescription Monitoring: Methadone doses must be coordinated carefully with other medications a patient takes to avoid dangerous interactions.

In Maryland, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance, indicating accepted medical use but also potential for harm and addiction.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone has been used to treat opioid addiction since 1947. Studies show methadone MAT is an effective treatment, with benefits including:

  • 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests for patients in MAT program compared to individuals not receiving MAT
  • 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment, critical for managing addiction
  • Retention in treatment reduces risks of overdose and disease transmission and increases employment opportunities

However, methadone does carry risks:

  • Potential for misuse/diversion for those not enrolled in a treatment program
  • Severe withdrawal if methadone treatment is stopped suddenly
  • Can prolong the QT interval, increasing risk for cardiac issues
  • Respiratory depression and overdose danger if combined with other substances

Research shows methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for reducing opioid use in patients with opioid use disorder. Both medications require careful management by a treatment team.


With appropriate oversight, methadone MAT provides benefits but also has risks requiring monitoring.

About Gwynn Oak

Gwynn Oak is located in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. It is bordered by the states of: Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia. The capital and largest city in Maryland is Baltimore. Gwynn Oak has a total land area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2).

Population Statistics

The total population of Gwynn Oak is 15,903 as of 2010.


  • Male: 46.5%
  • Female: 53.5%

Age brackets

  • Under 18 years: 21.1%
  • 18 to 64 years: 63.5%
  • 65 years and over: 15.4%


  • Management, business, science, and arts: 31.8%
  • Sales and office: 27.2%
  • Service: 17.2%
  • Production, transportation, and material moving: 13.5%
  • Natural resources, construction, and maintenance: 10.2%