Methadone Clinics in Miami

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Alternative Soul Sobriety882 NE 79th Street Miami, FL 33138(305) 758-9284
Comprehensive Psychiatric Center North240 NW 183rd Street, Miami, FL 33169(305) 651-2332
Comprehensive Psychiatric Center South9735 East Fern Street, Miami, FL 33157(305) 238-5121
Comprehensive Psychiatric Center4790 NW 7th Street, Suite 102, Miami, FL 33126(305) 529-5810
Comprehensive Psychiatric Center North240 NW 183rd Street Miami, FL 33169(305) 651-2332
Comprehensive Psychiatric Center South9735 East Fern Street Miami, FL 33157(305) 238-5121
South Miami Hospital Addiction Treatment Program7401 SW 62nd Avenue Miami, FL 33143(786) 662-8118
Southwest Miami Treatment Center11980 SW 8th Street Suite 16 Miami, FL 33184(305) 553-8807
Veterans Affairs Miami Medical Center Outpatient Substance Abuse Ctr (OSAC)1492 West Flagler Street Miami, FL 33135(305) 541-8435

Rules and Regulations

Miami adheres to strict regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Certification Procedures

To be certified, clinics must meet various requirements related to patient rights, quality assurance, staff credentials, and more. Clinics must comply with federal and state laws regarding controlled substances. Certification is typically granted for up to 3 years before renewal. 

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Medication-assisted treatment with methadone helps individuals with opioid use disorder by:

  • Reducing opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Blocking the euphoric effects of other opioids
  • Allowing people to focus on other areas of their lives and recovery

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide daily supervised methadone doses to treat opioid dependence. The purpose is to help individuals stabilize, pursue recovery goals, improve health, and reduce illegal opioid use.

Insurance Coverage

Many clinics accept Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance. Some clinics offer payment assistance or sliding scale fees based on income for those without insurance.

Drug Use in Miami

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. In Florida, over 5,000 people died from drug overdoses in 2020 alone. The most commonly used substances in Miami-Dade County are:

  • Opioids
  • Cocaine
  • Marijuana
  • Methamphetamine

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient facilities offer 24/7 care and monitoring. Typical stays range from 28-90 days. Services include medical supervision, counseling, group therapy, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient programs provide services for 4-8 hours per day, 3-7 days per week. Locations are available across Miami. Services include therapy, support groups, and medical oversight.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 18% of facilities do not report their treatment level. However, most provide a combination of inpatient and outpatient services.

Comparison of Treatment in Miami vs. Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach

CityTreatment FacilitiesInpatient BedsCost of Treatment
Miami2853,450$15,000/month
Fort Lauderdale1982,236$12,000/month
West Palm Beach1731,982$13,000/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and prevent withdrawal symptoms. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain, reducing cravings and blocking the euphoric effects of other opioids. Methadone is taken orally once daily in opioid treatment programs (OTPs). It allows patients to function normally without the disruption of chasing illicit opioids.

Methadone activates the brain’s opioid receptors as a replacement opioid without the associated high. This prevents withdrawal symptoms for 24-36 hours per dose. Methadone is only provided through accredited OTPs with daily observed dosing. Regulations require counseling and urine drug screening to ensure compliance and monitor progress. The goal is stabilizing patients to prevent relapse and transmission of diseases like HIV/Hepatitis.

Methadone treatment is controversial with stigma as just “replacing one drug for another.” However, research shows methadone helps patients improve employment, and relationships, reduces disease transmission through injection drug use, and prevents overdoses. Still, the diversion of methadone contributes to some unintended harms which leads to mixed public opinions. Overall, methadone remains an important, effective treatment for opioid addiction.

Methadone Distribution

Description of monitoring and regulations:

  • Urine testing: Federal and state regulations require methadone programs to test patients randomly at least 8 times per year for illicit drugs and methadone metabolites. More frequent testing occurs for unstable patients.
  • Take-home requirements: Patients must attend a clinic daily for dose observation for a minimum of the first 14 days then earn take-home doses for stable progress, requiring weekly/biweekly clinic check-ins.
  • Monitoring: OTPs are required to have an interdisciplinary team including physicians, nurses, counselors, and social workers monitoring patient progress. Teams coordinate care and share information with surrounding healthcare systems.
  • Prescription drug monitoring (PDMPs): Providers should check the state PDMP before increasing doses to avoid methadone interactions with other medications that could cause oversedation. Methadone has a narrow therapeutic window so doses must be adjusted carefully.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime when treatment is continued for an adequate duration under proper supervision and dosing.

Evidence for Effectiveness

Research shows patients on sufficient methadone doses have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests and are 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment. Retention in methadone treatment is associated with reduced risk of overdose and disease transmission and increased employment.

Major Drawbacks

Potential for misuse/diversion exists. Stopping suddenly causes severe withdrawal symptoms. Methadone can prolong the QTc interval on ECGs increasing cardiac issues. It also causes respiratory depression and overdose when combined with alcohol or benzodiazepines.

Comparison to Other Medications

Methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for reducing illicit opioid use and retaining patients in medication-assisted treatment based on clinical trials.

Methadone is beneficial but also has risks requiring careful management under supervised treatment settings.

About Miami

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Miami is located in Miami-Dade County in southeastern Florida. Miami-Dade County borders Broward County to the north and Monroe County to the south and west. The state of Florida borders the states of Georgia to the north, Alabama to the northwest, and the Gulf of Mexico to the west.

Capital and Largest City

Tallahassee is the capital of Florida, while Jacksonville is the largest city by population and land area. Miami is Florida’s second-largest city by population.

Land Area

Miami-Dade County has a total area of 2,431 sq miles, of which 1,946 sq miles is land and 485 sq miles is water.

Infrastructure

Miami has a major international airport, seaport, rail, highway access, and public transportation systems including the Metrorail, Metromover, and Metrobus.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Miami is approximately 470,914, while the population of Miami-Dade County is 2,716,940 as of 2021.

Demographics

Gender

Female (51.4%), Male (48.6%)

Age Brackets

Under 18 years (21.4%), 18 to 64 years (68.8%), Over 65 years (9.8%)

Occupations

Management/Business/Financial (13.3%), Sales Related (11.5%), Office Administration (10.7%)