Methadone Clinics in Little Rock

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Mid Arkansas Substance Abuse Services4601 West 7th Street Little Rock, AR 72205(501) 686-9393
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences/ SAT Clinic3924 West Markham Street Little Rock, AR 72205(501) 686-9630
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences/ SAT Clinic4301 West Markham St., Slot #835, Little Rock, AR 72250(501) 526-8400

Rules and Regulations

Methadone clinics in Little Rock provide medication-assisted treatment to those struggling with opioid addiction. They are highly regulated health facilities that adhere to various federal, state, and local rules.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

The benefits of medication-assisted treatment can include reducing illicit opioid use, criminal activity, and risk of overdose death. It allows people to stabilize and work on their recovery.

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Clinics provide counseling, case management, and medical exams, and dispense methadone or other medications to alleviate withdrawal and cravings. Their purpose is to facilitate recovery in a structured setting.

Insurance Coverage

Insurance coverage varies. Some public and private plans cover treatment, but there may be co-pays or limits. Some clinics offer sliding-scale fees or arrangements for uninsured patients.

Drug Use in Little Rock

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. In Arkansas specifically:

  • There were 479 drug overdose deaths in 2020, a 45% increase from 2015
  • Prescription opioids are involved in more than half of all overdose deaths
  • Methamphetamine and fentanyl are becoming more prevalent

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient facilities offer 24/7 care and monitoring. Typical programs last 30-90 days. Services include medical detox, counseling, group therapy, medication management, and aftercare planning.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient programs provide services for 4-8 hours per day, allowing clients to live at home. Services may include therapy, support groups, and medical oversight. Locations are available throughout the community.

Treatment Level Unreported

An estimated 10-20% of Arkansans struggling with addiction do not report receiving any formal treatment each year. Barriers include cost, availability, and social stigma. More resources are needed to reach this group.

Comparison of Treatment in Little Rock vs. Memphis

CategoryLittle RockMemphis
Treatment Facilities3254
Inpatient Beds289521
Cost of Treatment$15,000$25,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and dependence. As medication-assisted treatment (MAT), methadone helps prevent withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings by activating opioid receptors in the brain through a daily oral dose administered under supervision at opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment range from seeing it as lifesaving addiction treatment to criticizing it as merely substituting one opioid for another. However, research shows methadone is an evidence-based treatment that improves outcomes when properly managed.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is highly regulated with monitoring requirements:

  • Urine testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight random drug tests in the first year of treatment to detect any unauthorized substance use.
  • Take-home requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home methadone supply is limited to just a 24-hour dose. After 90 days of compliance, patients may earn a maximum 2-week supply.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team including counselors, social workers, and medical staff to coordinate care.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review PDMP data to carefully cross-reference other opioid medications and dosages, as methadone has a narrow therapeutic window.

In Arkansas, methadone is a Schedule II controlled prescription substance only legal to possess with a valid prescription. Pulaski County has the most opioid treatment programs in the state.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone has been used to treat opioid addiction since 1947. Studies show methadone is an effective MAT medication that:

  • Reduces opioid use, based on 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests for patients in methadone treatment
  • Reduces disease transmission through injection drug use
  • Reduces drug-related crime
  • Increases retention in treatment, with methadone patients 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment compared to non-medication approaches
  • Retention in treatment reduces overdose risk, and disease transmission, and increases employment

However, methadone does carry risks:

  • Potential for misuse/diversion of medication
  • Severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly
  • Possibility of QTc prolongation or cardiac issues
  • Respiratory depression or overdose when combined with alcohol or other substances

Research shows methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for reducing illicit opioid use.

In conclusion, methadone is an effective addiction treatment with demonstrated benefits but also risks requiring careful management.

About Little Rock

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Little Rock is the capital and largest city in the U.S. state of Arkansas. It is located on the Arkansas River in Pulaski County, which is in the central part of the state. Arkansas shares borders with 6 states:

  • Missouri
  • Tennessee
  • Mississippi
  • Louisiana
  • Texas
  • Oklahoma

Capital and Largest City

As noted, Little Rock serves as both the capital and largest city in Arkansas.

Land Area

Little Rock covers approximately 122.1 square miles of land area.

Infrastructure

Little Rock’s infrastructure includes an international airport, public bus system, and interstate highways. The city has a port on the Arkansas River that supports industrial transportation.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Little Rock is approximately 198,606 as of the 2020 census.

Demographics

Gender

Little Rock is 51.1% female and 48.9% male.

Age Brackets

Over 15.7% of the population is aged 18 years or under. Approximately 59.5% fall in the age range of 18 to 65 years old. Nearly 25% are over the age of 65.

Occupations

Top occupations in Little Rock include office administration roles, sales, food service, transportation, education, and healthcare.