Methadone Clinics in North Lima

Rules and regulations: North Lima, Ohio adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics. These regulations aim to ensure safe and effective treatment while preventing misuse.

Certification procedures:

  • Clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the state
  • Staff must meet educational and licensing requirements
  • Regular inspections ensure compliance with regulations

Benefits of medication-assisted treatment:

  • Reduces opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allows people to focus on counseling and lifestyle changes
  • Decreases risk of overdose and transmitting infections
  • Supports reintegration into society

How clinics operate and their purpose:

  • Methadone clinics provide medication-assisted treatment to people dependent on opioids. Patients must attend counseling and submit to drug testing. The goal is to mitigate withdrawal symptoms while treating the underlying causes of addiction.

Insurance Coverage

Most clinics accept:

  • Free clinics. Offer services free of charge to those without insurance
  • Public and private insurance: Medicaid, Medicare, Major commercial health insurance plans, Self-pay options based on income.

Drug Use in North Lima

Opioid Crisis Declared Public Health Emergency

In 2017, the opioid crisis was declared a nationwide public health emergency by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Statistics on Drug Overdoses and Deaths

  • In 2020, there were 4,984 overdose deaths involving opioids in Ohio – a 3.7% rate increase from the prior year (CDC).
  • Overdose deaths in Mahoning County have risen from 349 in 2019 to 418 in 2021, an increase of nearly 20% (County Coroner).

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Description: Residential facility-based treatment typically lasting 30-90 days which includes medical detox, counseling, group therapy, medication management, and aftercare planning.
  • Length of stay, procedures, services: Average length is 30 days. Procedures include intake, detox, counseling, group meetings, and discharge planning. Services include medical care, behavioral therapy, peer support, and medication.

Outpatient Treatment

  • Description: Outpatient treatment programs based in a clinic or office providing services for 4-8 hours a week. The patient resides at home.
  • Frequency of services, location: Typically 3 days a week for 3 hours, located in medical offices and clinics.

Treatment Level Unreported

  • Description and estimates: Many patients undergo treatment through private doctors, employee assistance programs, or community services that go unreported. Estimates indicate these account for 40% of all treatment (SAMHSA).

Comparison of Treatment in North Lima vs. Youngstown

Category

North Lima

Youngstown

Treatment Facilities

3

12

Inpatient Beds

18

112

Cost of Treatment

$15,000

$10,000

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and dependence. As medication-assisted treatment (MAT), methadone helps prevent opioid withdrawal and reduces drug cravings by activating opioid receptors in the brain similarly to other opioid drugs. However, it does not produce the same level of euphoria or sedation, allowing those in treatment to function more normally. Methadone is taken orally once daily in supervised opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed. While it helps stabilize individuals and reduce illegal opioid use and associated crime, some view it as merely replacing one addiction with another. However, research shows methadone significantly improves outcomes when properly regulated.

Methadone Distribution

Methadone distribution is strictly monitored with several regulations:

  • Urine testing: Patients must undergo at least eight random drug tests in the first year to ensure compliance and prevent diversion.
  • Take-home requirements: For the first 14 days, the take-home methadone supply is limited to a 24-hour dose taken under observation at the clinic. After meeting certain criteria, take-home doses can gradually increase up to a 30-day supply.
  • Monitoring: OTPs must have an interprofessional team including physicians, nurses, and counselors to coordinate care.
  • Prescription drug monitoring: Clinicians should review the state’s prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully monitor methadone dosage due to its narrow therapeutic index.

According to the state’s PDMP, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance in North Lima regulated similarly to other prescription opioids.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947.

  • Studies show methadone reduces opioid use, disease transmission, and crime.
  • Those in MMT have 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests and are 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment.
  • Retention in treatment reduces overdose and disease transmission risks and increases employment.

However, methadone does carry risks including potential for misuse/diversion, severe withdrawal if stopped suddenly, QTc prolongation/cardiac issues, respiratory depression/overdose when combined with other substances.

Still, research shows methadone is equally as effective as buprenorphine, another MAT option.

So while methadone does require careful monitoring, overall benefits outweigh risks for treating opioid addiction.

About North Lima

North Lima is located in Beaver Township, Mahoning County, Ohio, United States. Mahoning County borders the following states:

  • Pennsylvania
  • West Virginia

The capital and largest city in Ohio is Columbus. The land area of North Lima is about 3.1 square miles. North Lima has access to major highways via interstate 80 and interstate 680. It also has rail access via the Youngstown and Southern Railroad.

Population Statistics

The population of North Lima is approximately 1,300 people.

Demographics

Gender:

  • Male: 50%
  • Female: 50%

Age Brackets:

  • 0-18 years: 20%
  • 19-65 years: 60%
  • 65+ years: 20%

The main occupations in North Lima include:

  • Manufacturing
  • Healthcare
  • Education
  • Retail