Methadone Clinics in Cleveland

Name rehabsAddressPhone
Addiction Recovery Services Univ Hosp of Cleveland/Dept of Psych11100 Euclid Avenue Hanna Pavillion 5th Floor Cleveland, OH 44106(216) 983-3066
Cleveland Treatment Center Inc1127 Carnegie Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44115(216) 861-4246240
Cleveland Treatment Center Inc Ohio Bureau Of Drug Abuse1127 Carnegie Avenue Cleveland, OH 44115(216) 861-4246
Community Action Against Addiction5209 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44103(216) 881-0765202
Department of Veterans Affairs Recovery Center (VARC)10701 East Boulevard, Cleveland, OH 44106(216) 791-3800
Matt Talbot Inn Residential2270 Professor Avenue Cleveland, OH 44113(216) 781-0288
Recovery Resources2900 Detroit Avenue Cleveland, OH 44113(216) 781-9222
Recovery Resources Women/Family Services ProgramMetzenbaum Childrens Center 3343 Community College Avenue Cleveland, OH 44115(216) 241-5557
Rosary Hall2351 East 22nd Street Cleveland, OH 44115(216) 363-2580
Stella Maris1320 Washington Avenue Cleveland, OH 44113(216) 781-0550

Rules and Regulations

Cleveland adheres to strict federal and state regulations regarding methadone clinics, outlined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services.

Certification Procedures

  • Methadone clinics must be certified by SAMHSA and licensed by the state to dispense methadone as medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder
  • Staff must meet educational and licensing criteria set by the state
  • Regular inspections are conducted to ensure compliance with regulations

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Medication-assisted treatment with methadone has been shown to:

  • Reduce opioid cravings and withdrawal symptoms
  • Allow people to focus on their health and participation in counseling/behavioral therapies
  • Greatly reduces the risk of overdose death
  • Improve overall quality of life

How Clinics Operate and Their Purpose

Methadone clinics provide daily supervised methadone dosing and counseling/support services to those recovering from opioid addiction. The medication relieves withdrawal symptoms and cravings so that people can work on changing addictive behaviors and rebuilding their lives.

Insurance Coverage

Medicaid and many private insurance plans cover methadone treatment. Some clinics operate on an out-of-pocket basis. State and local programs may also assist.

Drug Use in Cleveland

The opioid crisis has been declared a nationwide public health emergency. In Ohio specifically:

  • Over 5,000 overdose deaths reported in 2020
  • Fentanyl and methamphetamine leading causes

Cuyahoga County’s 2020 overdose death rate of 46.3 per 100,000 residents surpasses the overall Ohio rate of 39.4. The most commonly cited substances in county overdose deaths are:

  • Fentanyl (84%)
  • Cocaine (49%)
  • Heroin (36%)

Addiction Treatment Overview

Inpatient Treatment

  • Average stay 30-90 days
  • Detox, counseling, behavioral therapy, medication

Outpatient Treatment

  • 1-5 visits per week
  • Therapy, support groups, medication

Treatment Level Unreported

  • Estimated 30% of facilities do not report treatment level
  • Likely a mix of inpatient and outpatient

Comparison to Columbus

CategoryNumber of FacilitiesInpatient BedsCost
Cleveland781,560$15,000+/month
Columbus681,200$12,000+/month

Methadone Treatment

What is Methadone

Methadone is a long-acting opioid agonist medication used to treat opioid use disorder and dependence. As medication-assisted treatment (MAT), methadone helps prevent opioid withdrawal and drug cravings by activating opioid receptors in the brain similarly to other opioid drugs. However, it does not produce the same level of euphoria or sedation, allowing those in treatment to function more normally. Methadone is taken orally once daily in liquid or tablet form at opioid treatment programs (OTPs).

Societal perspectives on methadone treatment are mixed. While it helps stabilize individuals and reduce illegal opioid use and associated crime when properly managed, methadone itself carries risks and stigma. The structure of OTPs aims to mitigate risks through monitoring and regulations.

In layman’s terms, methadone tricks the brain into thinking it is still getting other opioids, preventing withdrawal symptoms. This allows individuals to function without the compulsion to seek out drugs.

Methadone Distribution

OTPs carefully monitor methadone dosage and use to minimize misuse and diversion. Regulations include:

  • Urine Testing: Methadone maintenance patients must undergo at least eight random drug tests in the first year of treatment to ensure they are not using other illicit substances.
  • Take-Home Requirements: During the first 14 days of treatment, the take-home methadone supply is limited to a one-day (24-hour) dose used onsite at the clinic. More take-home doses are permitted over time for stable patients meeting certain criteria.
  • Monitoring: Methadone treatment programs should have an interprofessional team including physicians, nurses, counselors, social workers, etc. to coordinate care.
  • Prescription Drug Monitoring: Clinicians should review their state’s prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to carefully cross-reference other opioid medications and dosages, as methadone has a narrow therapeutic window and overdose risk.

In Ohio, methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance, indicating accepted medical use but also potential for abuse and dependence. Federal and state regulations aim to allow access to treatment while preventing diversion.

Methadone Treatment Effectiveness Research

Methadone is an effective medication for treating opioid use disorder used since 1947. Studies show methadone reduces opioid use based on drug tests, disease transmission through injection drug use, and drug-related crime when treatment is maintained. Specifically:

Evidence for Effectiveness

  • 33% fewer opioid-positive drug tests for patients on methadone versus no medication
  • 4.44 times more likely to stay in treatment for at least a year
  • Retention in methadone treatment reduces overdose mortality risk by 50% and HIV risk behaviors, while increasing employment

Major Drawbacks

  • Potential for misuse/diversion if not closely monitored
  • Severe withdrawal symptoms if methadone is stopped suddenly
  • Possible QTc prolongation or other cardiac issues
  • Respiratory depression and overdose risk when combined with certain other substances like benzodiazepines

Comparison to Other Medications

Methadone and buprenorphine are equally effective for reducing illicit opioid use based on urinalysis testing and self-reports.

In conclusion, methadone has demonstrated benefits but also risks requiring careful management.

About Cleveland

Location, County & List of Neighboring States

Cleveland is located in Cuyahoga County in the U.S. state of Ohio. Neighboring states include Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, and Kentucky to the south.

Capital and Largest City

Columbus is the capital and largest city in Ohio. However, Cleveland is the second largest city in the state.

Land Area

Cuyahoga County has a total area of 1,246 square miles, of which 457 square miles is land and 788 square miles is water.

Infrastructure

Cleveland is served by a network of interstate highways, public transit systems, an international airport, and a seaport. Major industries include manufacturing, financial services, and healthcare.

Population Statistics

Total Population

The population of Cleveland was estimated at 372,624 as of 2021. The population of Cuyahoga County was estimated at 1,243,857 as of 2020.

Demographics

Gender

Cleveland’s population is 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

Age Brackets

  • Under 18 years: 22.4%
  • 18 to 64 years: 63.3%
  • 65 years and over: 14.3%

Occupations

Top occupations in Cleveland include:

  • Office and administrative support
  • Sales related
  • Management
  • Business and financial operations
  • Education, training, library